What type of religion id Judaism?
What is monotheistic?
A religion that believes there is only one God
What is the Shema?
A jewish prayer affirming belief in the one God found in the Torah
Why do they write G-d instead of God?
show a sign of respect
What is the Tenakh?
What is in the book of Shema that refers to the saying there is only one God?
“The Lord is our God, The lord alone”
What is the Torah?
five books of moses which form the first section of the Tanah
What 3 things do Jews thing God is and what do they mean?
Omnipotent - all powerful
Omniscient - all knowing
Omnipresent - being everywhere at all times
Who do Jews think created Evil?
What is the mitzvot?
jewish rules or commandments
What does Shekhinah mean?
the diveine presence of God
Who did God give the ten commandments to?
What were the commandments originally scribed on?
Two tablets of stone
How many laws are in the Torah?
When do Jews think the two main times when god judgement happens?
during festival of Rosh hashanah and after death
What is the rosh hashanah?
Jewish new year
What does Shekhinah mean?
God’s divine prescence
What is a rabbi?
jewish religious leader and teacher
What is the blessing which Jews say to god once someone has died?
“Blessed are you, Lord our God, King of the universe, the true judge”
How do Jews mourn for someone?
Intense mourning while waiting for burial then 7 days after followed by 30 days of lesser morning
What is the Sheol?
Place of waiting where souls are cleansed
What does the word Messiah mean?
the anointed one
What are some of the Ten commandments
"You shall not swear falsely by the name of the Lord your God" "Remember the sabbath and keep it holy" "Honor your father and your mother" "You should not commit adultery" "you shall not steal
What does Pikuach nefesh mean?
the obligation to save a life, even if doing so breaks Jewish law
Why does some Jews disagree with Organ donating?
they believe that the body should be complete when buried
What is a minyan?
a group of at least 10 adults
What is a bimah?
A platform in a synagogue from where the torah is read
What is the Aron Hakodesh?
the ark where the sacred scrolls are kept
What is a cantor?
a person who lead prayers in the synagogie
What is the tallit?
What it the tefillin?
small leather boxes containing extracts from the torah strapped to the arm and forhead
Where is the boys named?
at their circumcision eight days after birth
where is the girl named?
father announces her name in the synagogue the first sabbath after
quote to show all men must be circumcised?
“any male who is uncircumcised…has broken my covenant”
Why do Orthodox Jews give a small amount of money to the firstborn son 31 days after the birth?
redeem him from temple sevice
What is the shiva?
intense period of mouring that lasts for seven days
What is the Kaddish?
A prayer said by Jewish mourners that praises God and asks for peace