Flashcards in Key AP Terminology Deck (77):
A narrative in which all elements of the story depict multiple levels of meanings and significance.
ex. Animal Farm by George Orwell
Sequential repetition of a similar initial sound (usually consonants)
Ex. She sells seashells by the seashore
A literary, historical, religious or mythological reference
Ex. Comparison between Frederick Douglass and Job
Repetition of the same words or phrases at the beginning of successive phrases or clauses.
Ex. "It takes a family; it takes teachers; it takes clergy..."
The juxtaposition of sharply contrasting ideas in balanced structure
Ex. "To err is human, to forgive divine."
A concise statement designed to make a point or illustrate a common belief.
Ex. "Spare the rod and spoil the child."
The act of speaking to an inanimate object or person or idea that is not present.
Ex. King Lear- "Ingatitude! Thous marble-hearted fiend..."
Appeals to... authority, emotion or logic
Rhetorical argument in which the speaker claims authority in a field (ethos), plays upon emotions (pathos) or appeals to reasoning (logos).
Repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds in successive or proximate words
Ex. "shE sElls sEashells by the sEashore"
Syntactical structure in which conjugations are omitted in a series
Ex. "I came, I saw, I conquered."
Opposite of polysyndeton
Sense expressed by the tone of voice or mood of the piece; the author's feelings toward his or her subject, characters or theme
Begging the question
Argumentative ploy where the argued sidesteps the question, avoiding the real issue at hand
That which has been accepted as authentic
Ex. Canon according to the theories of Einstein
Figure of speech where the order of the terms in the first half of a parallel clause is reversed in the second.
Ex. "I am stuck on band aid, and band aid's stuck on me"
An assertion of something as fact
A term identifying the diction of common ordinary folks in a specific region or area, aka slang
Compare and contrast
A mode of discourse in which two or more things are compared, contrasted or both. Find similarities and differences.
A comparison of two unlikely things drawn out in literature, such as an extended metaphor.
Ex. Richard Selzer's "The Knife" compares surgery to a religious ritual
The implied, underlying meaning or feeling behind a word or phrase. Not the dictionary definition
Repetition of two or more consonants with a change in intervening vowels.
Ex. Splash splash, click clack
An accepted manner, model or tradition
Ex. Aristotle's conventions of tragedy
An assessment or analysis of something
A method of argument in which specific statements and conclusions are drawn from general principles; from general to specific.
Language or speech of a specific region or group
The word choice the author uses to persuade or convey tone, purpose or effect
Writing that has an instructive purpose or lesson, often associated with being dry or pompous.
Ex. Aesop's Fables
A poem or prose that laments or mediates on the death of a person or persons
The repetition of a phrase at the end of successive sentences
Ex. "If... their families will flourish. If... their families will flourish"
Writing in praise of a dead person, often on a headstone
A speech or written passage in praise of a deceased person
A nicer way of saying something harsh
Ex. "She was given a pink slip," instead of "She was fired."
Writing that claims its own meaning or purpose
A series of comparisons within a piece of writing
Figurative language/figure of speech
Language with levels of meaning, expressed through figures of speech such as personification, metaphor, hyperbole, irony, etc.
An earlier event is inserted into a narration.
A type or class of literature
A sermon, serious speech, talk or lecture involving moral or spiritual life.
Overstatement characterized by exaggerated language for emphasis
Any sensory detail or evocation in a work; the use of figurative language to evoke a feeling, call an idea to mind or describe an object.
A type of sentence that gives instructions, advice or commands
General statements are drawn from specific principles, opposite of deductive reasoning
A conclusion or proposition arrived at by considering facts , observations or other data.
Contrast between what is stated explicitly and what is really meant, the intended meaning is often the opposite of what is stated.
Parallel structure in which the elements are similar not only grammatically but in length.
Ex. "Many are called, but few are chosen."
Technical language of a trade, profession or group
The location of one thing adjacent to another creates an effect, reveals an attitude, etc.
A figure of speech that emphasizes its subject by understatement.
A long sentence that begins with the main clause, followed by several dependent clauses.
Ex. "The child ran, frenzied and ignoring all hazards, as if being chased by demons."
A comparison between two things without using like or as
Ex. "It is the east, and Juliet is the sun."
An attribute or commonly associated feature is used to name or designate something.
Ex. Referring to the president as the "White House"
Mode of discourse
The way information is presented in written or spoken form; type of writing
Ex. Narration exposition, description and argumentation
Feeling resulting from the tone of a piece as well as the writer's/narrator's attitude and POV
A mode of discourse that tells a story
A word capturing or approximating the sound of what it describes.
A figure of speech that combines two contradictory elements
Ex. Wise fool, baggy tights, deafening silence
A statement that seems contradictory but is probably true
Ex. "Fighting for peace."
Use of similar forms in writing for nouns, verbs, phrases or thoughts
Ex. "Jane enjoys reading, writing and skiing."
A long sentence in which the main clause is not completed until the end.
Ex. "The child, who looked as if she were being chased by demons, frenzied and ignoring all hazards, ran."
Giving a nonhuman object human-like qualities
Point of view
The relation in which an author stands to a subject of discourse
The ordinary form of written language without metrical structure, in contrast to verse and poetry
Attempting to describe nature and life without idealization and with attention to detail
An argument technique where opposing arguments are anticipated and countered
The art of using words to persuade in writing or speaking
A question asked for stylistic effect and is not expected to be answered
Form of verbal irony in which apparent praise is actually critical
A literary work that holds up human failings to ridicule and censure
Direct comparison using like or as
The manner in which a writer combines and arranges words, ideas and utilizes syntax and structure
Use of a person, place, event or pattern that stands for something else
A figure of speech in which a part signifies a whole
Ex. 50 masts represent 50 ships
The way words are out together to form phrases, clauses and sentences
Central or dominant idea or focus of a work
Attitude of the writer toward the subject or theme
The speakers take on the idea based on the passage
A grammatically correct construction in which a word, verb or adjective, is applied to two or more nouns without being repeated.
Ex. "He took my wallet and the bus"