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Flashcards in Key Chemistry Word Associations Deck (171)
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1

Process in which there is a loss of hydrogen electrons

Oxidation

2

Process in which there is a gain of hydrogen electrons

Reduction

3

Replacement of hydrogen by a carboxyl group (-COOH)

Carboxylation

4

Substance which speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction

Enzyme

5

Inactive precursor protein with an additional peptide attached

Pro-enzyme

6

Enzyme that catalyzes the addition of a carboxyl group

Carboxylase

7

Removal of the carboxyl group (-COOH)

Decarboxylation

8

An enzyme that catalyzes the release of CO2 from compounds

Decarboxylase

9

Reaction that combines H2O with a salt to produce acid and base

Hydrolysis

10

Enzyme that causes hydrolysis

Hydrolase

11

Movement of a phosphate (PO4) form one molecule to another

Phosphorylation

12

Enzyme which adds a phosphate to an organic compound

Phosphorylase

13

Enzyme that removes a phosphate form an organic compound

Phosphatase

14

Enzyme that adds a high-energy phosphate to an organic compound

Kinase

15

Enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of one group to another

Transferase

16

Enzyme that makes an isomer (same chemical composition)

Isomerase

17

Molecule with the same composition but different chemical structure

Isomer

18

Isomerase enzyme which changes the configuration of a molecule

Mutase

19

Number of factors that affect enzyme activity

3

20

Temperature, pH and concentration of the substrate

Affects enzyme activity

21

Maximum velocity of a reaction

Vmax

22

Michaelis-Martern constant

Kmax

23

The amount of substrate required to reach 1/2 of the Vmax

Kmax

24

A substance which slows down the rate of an enzyme reaction

Inhibitor

25

Competition and allosterism

Enzymatic regulation

26

Actively competes with substrate for the active site

Competition

27

Change in activity by acting on a site other than the active site

Allosterism

28

Chemical bond between two amino acids

Peptide bond

29

Chemical bond between the base bases found in DNA

Hydrogen bond

30

Chemical bond between glycerol and fatty acids

Ester bond