Flashcards in Key facts Deck (281)
What is the commonest form of malaria?
Key features of malaria infection (5)
Fever, Jaundice, Abdo pain, hypoglycaemia, low platelets
Flash pulmonary oedema is a sign of _____
What is a first line investigation for Acromegaly?
Which fractures are most commonly associated with compartment syndrome?
Supracondlyar and tibial shaft
What triad is associated with Plummer-Vinson Syndrome?
Dysphagia, iron-deficiency anaemia, glossitis
How can the possibility of contrast-induced nephropathy be reduced?
Pre- and Post-procedural IV hydration
What is the triad associated with carcinoid syndrome?
abdo pain, diarrhoea, flushing - due to a tumour producing vasoactive mediators and prostaglandins
What is the only treatment for dry age related macular degeneration?
Vitamins - only thing shown to slow progression from intermediate to advanced disease
How long is a transplant rejection considered acute?
Which gene is affected in Marfans syndrome?
Fibrillin - 1
What is a common risk factor for DVT?
What is a classic presentation of ischaemic colitis?
abdominal pain, rectal bleeding and diarrhoea worse after eating a large meal. more common in those with ischaemic heart disease
How long should UTIs be treated for in pregnancy?
Leptospirosis is most commonly found where?
in rats urine - important for sewage workers
Which cancers are most likely to cause hypercalcaemia (3)?
Breast, lung and multiple myeloma
What is the ideal amount of IV fluids for everyday fluid maintenance?
What antibodies are found in dermatitis herpetiformis?
Which veins become enlarged in caput medusae?
superior mesenteric and splenic veins
Which type of meningitis is more common in HIV positive patients?
What treatment is given for cryptococcal meningitis?
Which meningitis is more common in teens?
What is Waterhouse-Freidrichson syndrome?
primary adrenal failure, usually associated with a traumatic event or illness such as sepsis.
What is Factor V Leiden?
Factor V leiden is a pro-clotting disorder due to factor V being resistant to Protein C degradation
How long after last treatment should lithium be monitored?
12 hours after last dose
What blood results might you expect from multiple myeloma without metastases?
high calcium, normal Alk Phos, normal PO4
When should bloods be monitored for phenytoin levels monitoring?
just before next dose
When should digoxin levels be monitored?
6 hours after dose
What mutation is associated with polycythaemia?