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Flashcards in Key facts Deck (281)
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1

What is the commonest form of malaria?

Falciparum malaria

2

Key features of malaria infection (5)

Fever, Jaundice, Abdo pain, hypoglycaemia, low platelets

3

Flash pulmonary oedema is a sign of _____

reno-vascular disease

4

What is a first line investigation for Acromegaly?

Serum IGF-1

5

Which fractures are most commonly associated with compartment syndrome?

Supracondlyar and tibial shaft

6

What triad is associated with Plummer-Vinson Syndrome?

Dysphagia, iron-deficiency anaemia, glossitis

7

How can the possibility of contrast-induced nephropathy be reduced?

Pre- and Post-procedural IV hydration

8

What is the triad associated with carcinoid syndrome?

abdo pain, diarrhoea, flushing - due to a tumour producing vasoactive mediators and prostaglandins

9

What is the only treatment for dry age related macular degeneration?

Vitamins - only thing shown to slow progression from intermediate to advanced disease

10

How long is a transplant rejection considered acute?

6 months

11

Which gene is affected in Marfans syndrome?

Fibrillin - 1

12

What is a common risk factor for DVT?

Dehydration

13

What is a classic presentation of ischaemic colitis?

abdominal pain, rectal bleeding and diarrhoea worse after eating a large meal. more common in those with ischaemic heart disease

14

How long should UTIs be treated for in pregnancy?

7 days

15

Leptospirosis is most commonly found where?

in rats urine - important for sewage workers

16

Which cancers are most likely to cause hypercalcaemia (3)?

Breast, lung and multiple myeloma

17

What is the ideal amount of IV fluids for everyday fluid maintenance?

25-30ml/kg/day

18

What antibodies are found in dermatitis herpetiformis?

anti-endomysial

19

Which veins become enlarged in caput medusae?

superior mesenteric and splenic veins

20

Which type of meningitis is more common in HIV positive patients?

Cryptococcal

21

What treatment is given for cryptococcal meningitis?

amphotericin B

22

Which meningitis is more common in teens?

Neisseria meningitides

23

What is Waterhouse-Freidrichson syndrome?

primary adrenal failure, usually associated with a traumatic event or illness such as sepsis.

24

What is Factor V Leiden?

Factor V leiden is a pro-clotting disorder due to factor V being resistant to Protein C degradation

25

How long after last treatment should lithium be monitored?

12 hours after last dose

26

What blood results might you expect from multiple myeloma without metastases?

high calcium, normal Alk Phos, normal PO4

27

When should bloods be monitored for phenytoin levels monitoring?

just before next dose

28

When should digoxin levels be monitored?

6 hours after dose

29

What mutation is associated with polycythaemia?

JAK2

30

What can be used in the event of a beta-blocker overdose?

atropine and if that fails, glucagon