Key Question 2: Rise of the Nazi Party Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Key Question 2: Rise of the Nazi Party Deck (32):
1

What was the original name for the Nazi Party?

NSDAP, The German Workers Party

2

Who founded the The German Workers Party?

Anton Drexler in 1919

3

When did Hitler find the NSDAP?

1920, he was a spy for the Weimar government who began to work for the party after attending a party conference.

4

In which year is Hitler made leader of the NSDAP (Nazi Party)?

1921

5

What was the SA?

Former soldiers of the Freikorps who worked as a private army for the Nazi's.

6

Who lead the SA?

Ernst Rhöm

7

How many seats did the Nazi's have in the Reichstag by 1924?

19 seats

8

When was Joseph Goebbels appointed?

1926; As head of propaganda for the Nazi Party.

9

How many seats did the Nazi's have in the Reichstag by 1928?

17 seats

10

How many seats did the Nazi's have in the Reichstag by 1930 and why?

107 seats; to combat a growing communist party and ensure the communists are out of power.

11

What did President Hindenburg do to lose trust in the German public?

Enact Article 48 in 1930.

12

How many rallies a day did Hitler attend by 1932?

4-5 an example of which is the Nuremberg Rally.

13

How many seats did the Nazi's have in the Reichstag by 1932?

230 seats

14

What is Hitler named in 1933?

Time Magazine's, 'Man of the Year'.

15

What happened in July 1932?

The Nazi's became the biggest party in the Reichstag with 37.5% of the votes.

16

What did President Hindenburg do to stop Hitler from becoming Chancellor?

Made Franz Von Papen Chancellor instead.

17

Why didn't Von Papen remain Chancellor of Germany?

The reichstag didn't like Von Papen and thus replaced him with Kurt von Schleicher; who they also didn't like.

18

How did Von Papen arrange Hitler as Chancellor?

By ensure that, if Hitler was Chancellor, Von Papen was vice-chancellor.

19

When does Hitler become chancellor of Germany?

30 January 1933- President Hindenburg agrees to Hitler as chancellor.

20

What problems faced Hitler as soon as he became chancellor?

-Only 2 of 12 Ministers were Nazi's
-The Nazi's didn't have a majority in the Reichstag
-Hindenburg had total authority over him.

21

When was the Reichstag Fire?

February 1933

22

Why was the Reichstag Fire significant?

As a Dutch communist is found near the Reichstag- The Communist Party is blamed and dissolved (banned).

23

When was The Enabling Act?

March 1933

24

Why was the Enabling Act significant?

The passing of article 48 gave Hitler complete authority for 4 years. He removed Civil Right, banned all other parties thus making Germany a one party state.

25

When was The Night of Long Knives?

June 1934

26

Why was the Night of Long Knives significant?

Hundred's are murdered, including Ernst Rhöm, and more taken to concentration camps. Thus the SA were removed for being too powerful.

27

When did President Hindenburg die?

August 1934

28

Why was the death of President Hindenburg significant?

This gave Hitler Presidency as well as chancellor. He now has total control and is 'Fuhrer' of Germany.

29

What was Gleichschaltung?

A term that meant Nazi Control of life where trade unions and local governments were banned. The Hitler Youth was compulsory.

30

What was the SS?

Hitler's private bodyguard, led by Himmler, who dealt with opposition to the Nazi's.

31

What was the Gestapo?

Led by Heydrich, it was a secret police force who could arrest without trial political opponents and put Jews In concentration camps.

32

What was important about the Nazi legal system?

Hitler controlled the People's Court and could remove enemies of the Party and act above the law.