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Flashcards in Key Terms Deck (49)
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1

Rationalism

Belief that all human knowledge is derived from reason

2

Empiricism

Believe that all knowledge is derived from the senses experience and observation

3

Revelation

The primary source of knowledge of the world is revealed by God through human encounters with God

4

Theory of the forms

World of perfect versions of things in the world of appearances

5

Form of the good

The highest of all the forms

6

Concept/ideal

The perfect form of something e.g. an ideal/form of a horse

7

Phenomena/particular

What we see in the world .things based on the forms

8

Form (Aristotle)

Characteristics and shape of something

9

Material cause

What something is made of

10

efficient cause

Who made the object/who made it possible

11

Formal cause

Characteristics and shape

12

Final cause

Purpose of object (Telos)

13

Prime mover

Final cause of motus

14

Telos

End result purpose

15

Transcendent

Separate from the world and distinct

16

Immutable

Cannot change

17

Motus

Motion and change

18

Body/soul distinction

Idea of "what makes me,me?"

19

Dualism

The belief that the body and the soul are seperate elements

20

Substance Dualism

The belief that humans are completely different substances

21

Monism

They belief that humans are only one substance

22

Materialism

The only substance is a material (physical) one

23

Replica theory

A thought experiment based on a soft material list

24

Theistic monism

Someone who is a complex integrated psycho-physical system .you need everything: memories, personality etc. (Hick)

25

"Soul one" dawkins

Non material life force "mystic jelly" killed off by science

26

"Soul two" dawkins

Intellect, reason or conciousness

27

Identity theory

All mental activity is centred in the brain and is purely physical

28

God of classical theism

Qualities of all knowing, all loving, all powerful

29

God of deism

Creates the world and leaves it to itself. like winding a watch and walking away

30

A posteriori

Argument of knowledge from experience and sense and observational evidence