Flashcards in Kidney, Ureters, Bladder Deck (17)
Location of Kidneys and surrounding structures
Retroperitoneal space, Right kindey lower than Left kidney d/t the placement of the liver
R Kidney- liver, adrenal gland, vertebrae, IVC, duedenum
L Kidney- Spleen, stomach, pancreas, vertebrae, aorta, adrenal gland
External Kidney Anatomy
Perinephric fat and Perirenal Fascia
Hilum of spleen contains..
vasculature, nerves, sinus, ureters
Urine flow through kindey
Glomerulus, loops of henley and collecting ducts in renal pyramid, renal papilla, minor and major calices, renal pelvis, renal sinus to ureter
What makes up cortext of kidney
renal pyramids and columns
What makes up renal sinus
Major/Minor Calcies and renal pevlis
Components of nephron
Afferent arteriole, glomerulus, efferent arteriole, and collecting ducts
Structures of adrenal gland
cortex, medulla, and fibrous capsule
Vasculature of Suprarenal Gland
Superior (inferior phrenic artery)
Middles (abdominal aorta)
Inferior (renal artery)
Nerves of adrenal gland
T5-T8 Thoracic and Splanchnic nerves
Attachment of Ureters to bladder
Oblique posterior/inferior entrance into bladder so no back flow w/ urination
Kidney stones likely to be lodged here
UP junction, just above illiac arteries, and entry into the bladder
Symptoms of Kidney Stones
pain, nausea, vomiting, blood in urine
Muscle of bladder walls
Why might you have flank pain?
Kidney makes urine faster than it can get rid of it.
What are variceals in the right testes indicitive of?
kidney tumor in IVC, variceals in the left are common.
Varicealsin right testes because there is high pressure system in the left side.