Kidney, Ureters, Bladder Flashcards Preview

Anatomy Exam 3 > Kidney, Ureters, Bladder > Flashcards

Flashcards in Kidney, Ureters, Bladder Deck (17)
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1

Location of Kidneys and surrounding structures

Retroperitoneal space, Right kindey lower than Left kidney d/t the placement of the liver

R Kidney- liver, adrenal gland, vertebrae, IVC, duedenum
L Kidney- Spleen, stomach, pancreas, vertebrae, aorta, adrenal gland

2

External Kidney Anatomy

Perinephric fat and Perirenal Fascia

3

Hilum of spleen contains..

vasculature, nerves, sinus, ureters

4

Urine flow through kindey

Glomerulus, loops of henley and collecting ducts in renal pyramid, renal papilla, minor and major calices, renal pelvis, renal sinus to ureter

5

What makes up cortext of kidney

renal pyramids and columns

6

What makes up renal sinus

Major/Minor Calcies and renal pevlis

7

Components of nephron

Afferent arteriole, glomerulus, efferent arteriole, and collecting ducts

8

Structures of adrenal gland

cortex, medulla, and fibrous capsule

9

Vasculature of Suprarenal Gland

Superior (inferior phrenic artery)
Middles (abdominal aorta)
Inferior (renal artery)

10

Nerves of adrenal gland

T5-T8 Thoracic and Splanchnic nerves

11

Attachment of Ureters to bladder

Oblique posterior/inferior entrance into bladder so no back flow w/ urination

12

Kidney stones likely to be lodged here

UP junction, just above illiac arteries, and entry into the bladder

13

Symptoms of Kidney Stones

pain, nausea, vomiting, blood in urine

14

Muscle of bladder walls

detrusor

15

Why might you have flank pain?

Kidney makes urine faster than it can get rid of it.

16

What are variceals in the right testes indicitive of?

kidney tumor in IVC, variceals in the left are common.

Varicealsin right testes because there is high pressure system in the left side.

17

Nephrectomy, which is cut first artery or vein? Why?

Artery cut first, even though it is behind the vein. Clip artery first to decrease BP in the kidney so you dont lose the vein into the kidney.