Knecht Rhetorical Devices Flashcards Preview

AP English Language > Knecht Rhetorical Devices > Flashcards

Flashcards in Knecht Rhetorical Devices Deck (104):
2

Absolute

Term applied to totally independent of influences, limitations, etc.. Ex: all, always, never

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Allegory

Story, represents moral qualities

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Alliteration

Repetition of identical Sounds

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Allusion

Makes a brief reference to something else

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Ambiguity

A situation with more than one possible interpretation

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Analogy

Comparison between 2 things

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Anaphora

Repetition using words or phrases

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Anecdote

Short entertaining story

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Anticlimax

Sudden drop

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Aphorism

A short statement which expresses a general truth or moral principle

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Argumentation

Investigates all sides, persuasion through reason

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Attitude

Similar to tone

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Balanced sentences

Parallel clauses

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Cause and effect

Examines cause and effect

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Chiasmus

A pattern in which the second is balanced with the first but the first is reversed. Ex: sin is a pleasure, and sometimes pleasure is a sin

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Chronological order

In order in which they occur

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Classification as a means of ordering

Arrangement according to class

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Colloquial expression

Words used in writing but not in everyday language

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Cumulative sentence

Sentence begins with subject and predicate, adds modifiers

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Damning with faint praise

Intentional use of a positive statement to have a negative impact

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Deduction

Form of reason that begins with a generalization

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Denouement

Untying of complications of plot, play, story

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Detail

Describing or relating an object or scene with complete particulars

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Devices

Figures of speech

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Dialect

Form of language spoken by the people in that region

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Diction

Writers word choice

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Digression

A temporary departure from subject

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Ellipsis

Omission of words necessary for complete construction but left understood in context.

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Epiphany

A sudden insight of the true nature of something

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Epistrophe

Anaphora, but repetition is at the end

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Euphemism

A phrase that's less direct."he passed away" for "he is dead"

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Fallacy

An error in reasoning

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Fallacy: Begging the question

Assumes truth without support

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Fallacy: Circular Reasoning

Evidence is a restatement of the claim

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Fallacy: Either/or

Claims there are only two alternatives when actually there are more

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Fallacy: False Analogy

Assumes that two subjects are similar in some respect just because they are similar in some other respect.

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Fallacy: Overgeneralization

Statement that is too broad or inclusive

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Fallacy: Post hoc, ergo propter hoc

The assumption that an event is caused by another even simply because of the order of the events in time

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False dilemma

Fallacy, when too few of available arguments are considered, some are not

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Figurative language/ Figures of Speech

Intentional departure from the normal order or meaning of words

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Genre

A division or type of literature

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Hyperbole

An exaggeration of fact

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Imagery

Authors use of words to creat a picture. 5 senses

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Induction

Form of reasoning. Works from a Body of fact to formation of a generalization

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Inference/infer

To draw a conclusion

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Inverted Syntax

Reversing the normal word order of a sentence. Yoda!!

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Irony

Style that indicates an intention opposite of what is actually said. Humorous or sarcastic

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Irony: Verbal

What is said, is opposite of what is meant

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Irony: Situation

Situation where there is a incongruity between the actual situation and what would seem appropriate

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Irony: Dramatic

A discrepancy between what a character says and what the reader knows to be true

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Juxtaposition

Where Ideas, words, colors, shapes, etc. are places next to each other creating an effect if surprise and wit

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Language

Manner of expression used to communicate feeling, tone, attitude

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Loose Sentences (cumulative)

Subject, predicate, modifiers, adds modifiers

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Metonymy

Replaces one thing with another similar to it

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Mood

Atmosphere or emotional aura of a work

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Motif

Serves as a basis for expanded narrative, or an interest

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Metaphor

Thing Compared to another thing as though it were a thing.

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Narrative Techniques

The manner in which the author tells the story

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Nonfiction

Prose writing that explains ideas or tells about real things, events

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Non Sequitur

Similar to fallacy, a statement that does not follow logically to anything previously said

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Order of importance

A Method of organizing according to significance of the subtopics

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Chronological

Order in which events take place

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Spatial

The physical description of persons and places

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In medias res

Author stats in the middle and uses techniques of flashback and foreshadow

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Oxymoron

Contradictory terms or ideas are combined

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Parallel syntactic structures

Using the same part of speech of syntactic structure. Ex: over the hill and through the woods to grandmothers house we go

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Parallelism

The repetition of a grammatical structure

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Paradox

A statement that seems contradictory but actually may be true

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Pathos

The quality in a work that evokes sorry or pity

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Pedantry

A display of narrow minded and trivial scholarship or arbitrary adherence to rules and forms

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Periodic Sentence Structure

Long sentence where the completion of the syntax and sense is delayed until the end

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Personification

A figure of speech in which an inanimate object is given human attributes

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Persuasive Devices

Words in the passage that have strong connotations, words that intensify the emotional effect

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Persona

The voice an author uses to tell a story

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Persuasion

Taking a single position for the purpose of getting others to accept that position

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Phrasing

Single part of speech, may help present rhythm, may help shoe parallelism

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Point of View

The angle of vision from which a story is told

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Omniscient

The author tells story using 3rd person

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First person

Told by one of the story's characters

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Third person

Shows an unrestricted knowledge of the story's events from outside or above them

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Limited omniscient

Tells story in third person but tells only what the one character thinks, feels, sees, etc

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Multiple point of view

Shown the positions from two or more characters

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Prose

Genre, refers to fiction and nonfiction, closely resembles every day speech

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Purpose

Goal or aim of the literary work

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Resources of language (75)

Refers to all the devices of composition available. The cumulative effect

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Rhetoric

Art of using words effectively to persuade

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Rhetorical question

Asked for rhetorical effect to emphasize a point, no answer being expected

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Rhetorical structure

How the passage is constructed, to serve its purpose

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Satire

A writing the ridicules or criticizes individuals, ideas, institutions, or any work of literature

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Sentence structure (80)

The way the sentence is put together

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AP Exam

Analyze sentence structure, types of sentences used, effects

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Stream or Consciousness

Narrative that presents the private thoughts of a character without commentary or interpretation by the author

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Structure

The planned framework of the novel

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Style

The habitual manner of expression of an author

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Stylistic devices (85)

Note and analyze all of the elements in language that contribute to style

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Syllepsis

A grammatical correct construction in which one word is placed in the same grammatical relationship to two words but in quite different senses

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Syllogism

Form of reasoning in which two statements or premises are made a logical conclusion is drawn from them, deductive reasoning

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Symbol

Something that stands for another thing, used to represent an abstraction

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Synesthesia

A blending or confusion of different kinds of sense-impression, In which one type of sensation is referred to in terms more appropriate to another

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Syncope (90)

Cutting short of words through omission of a letter or syllable. Ex) ev'ry for every

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Synecdoche

Figure of speech in which part is substituted for the whole

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Syntax

The arrangement of words or elements in a sentence to show their relationship

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Tone

Authors attitude toward his subject and audience expressed through characters' action and speech

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Understatement

Deliberately representing something as much less than it really is