Lab 6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lab 6 Deck (22):
1

Sartorius
Origin, Insertion, Innervation, Function, Antagonist and Synergist.

Origin: Anterior superior Iliac spine.
Insertion:Medial surface of tibia.
Innervation: femoral nerve.
Function: Extends leg at hip, flexes thigh at hip and lateral rotator of leg.
Antagonist:
Synergist:

2

Rectus Femoris
Origin, Insertion, Innervation, Function, Antagonist and Synergist.

Origin: Anterior inferior iliac spine.
Insertion: Patella and via patellar ligament to tibia.
Innervation: Femoral Nerve.
Function: Extends leg at knee and flex thigh at hip.
Antagonist:
Synergist:

3

Iliopsoas
Origin, Insertion, Innervation, Function, Antagonist and Synergist.

Origin: Iliac fossa and iliac crest
Insertion: Lesser trochanter of femur.
Innervation: Femoral and nerve.
Function: Flexor of the hip, if the hip is flexed and can act as a lateral rotator of femur.
Antagonist:
Synergist:

4

Vastus Lateralis
Origin, Insertion, Innervation, Function, Antagonist and Synergist.

Origin: Linea aspera of femur and greater trochanter.
Insertion: Patella and via patellar ligament to tibia.
Innervation: Femoral Nerve.
Function: Extends leg at knee.
Antagonist:
Synergist:

5

Vastus Medialis
Origin, Insertion, Innervation, Function, Antagonist and Synergist.

Origin: Linea aspera of femur.
Insertion: Patella and via patellar ligament to tibia.
Innervation: Femoral Nerve.
Function: Extends leg at knee.
Antagonist:
Synergist:

6

Vastus Intermedius
Origin, Insertion, Innervation, Function, Antagonist and Synergist.

Origin: Anterior and lateral surface of femur.
Insertion: Patella and via patellar ligament to tibia.
Innervation: Femoral nerve.
Function: Extends leg at knee.
Antagonist:
Synergist:

7

Tensor Fascia Lata
Origin, Insertion, Innervation, Function, Antagonist and Synergist.

Origin: Anterior superior iliac spine and iliac crest.
Insertion: Iliotibial tract.
Innervation: Superior gluteal nerve.
Function: Abducts and flexes thigh on hip, can help keep knee extend.
Antagonist:
Synergist:

8

Gracilis
Origin, Insertion, Innervation, Function, Antagonist and Synergist.

Origin: Pubis near symphysis.
Insertion: Medial condyle of tibia.
Innervation: Obturator nerve.
Function: Adducts thigh, flexes and medially rotates leg.
Antagonist:
Synergist:

9

Adductor Femoris = Adductor Brevis
Origin, Insertion, Innervation, Function, Antagonist and Synergist.

Origin: Body and inferior ramps of pubis.
Insertion: Linea aspera of femur.
Innervation: obturator nerve.
Function: Adducts and flexes thigh.
Antagonist:
Synergist:

10

Adductor Longus
Origin, Insertion, Innervation, Function, Antagonist and Synergist.

Origin: Body of Pubis.
Insertion: Linea aspera of femur.
Innervation: Obturator nerve.
Function: Adducts and flexes thigh.
Antagonist:
Synergist:

11

Gluteus Maximus
Origin, Insertion, Innervation, Function, Antagonist and Synergist.

Origin: External surface of ilium, sacrum and coccyx.
Insertion: Iliotibial tract, gluteal tuberosity of femur.
Innervation: Inferior gluteal nerve.
Function: Extends, abducts and laterally rotates hip.
Antagonist:
Synergist:

12

Gluteus Medius
Origin, Insertion, Innervation, Function, Antagonist and Synergist.

Origin: Ilium and gluteal aponeurosis.
Insertion: Greater trochanter of femur.
Innervation: Superior gluteal nerve.
Function: Abducts and medially rotates femur.
Antagonist:
Synergist:

13

Gluteus Minimus
Origin, Insertion, Innervation, Function, Antagonist and Synergist.

Origin: Ilium below gluteus medius.
Insertion: Greater trochanter of femur.
Innervation: Superior gluteal nerve.
Function: Abducts and medially rotates femur.
Antagonist:
Synergist:

14

Tibialis Anterior
Origin, Insertion, Innervation, Function, Antagonist and Synergist.

Origin: Body and lateral condyle of tibia.
Insertion: Ventral foot.
Innervation: Deep perineal nerve.
Function: Dorsiflexes and inverts foot.
Antagonist:
Synergist:

15

Biceps Femoris
Origin, Insertion, Innervation, Function, Antagonist and Synergist.

Origin: Ischial tuberosity.
Insertion: Head of fibula, lateral condyle of tibia.
Innervation: Tibial nerve.
Function: Flexes and laterally rotates leg, extends thigh.
Antagonist:
Synergist:

16

Semimembranosus
Origin, Insertion, Innervation, Function, Antagonist and Synergist.

Origin: Ischial tuberosity.
Insertion: Medial condyle of tibia.
Innervation: Tibial nerve.
Function: Flexes and medially rotates leg, extends thigh.
Antagonist:
Synergist:

17

Semitendinosus
Origin, Insertion, Innervation, Function, Antagonist and Synergist.

Origin: Ischial tuberosity.
Insertion: Medial condyle of tibia.
Innervation: Tibial nerve.
Function: Flexes and medially rotates leg, extends thigh.
Antagonist:
Synergist:

18

Gastrocnemius
Origin, Insertion, Innervation, Function, Antagonist and Synergist.

Origin: Medial and lateral condyles of posterior side of femur.
Insertion: Posterior surface of calcaneus via achilles tendon.
Innervation: Tibial nerve.
Function: Plantar flexes foot, flexes leg at knee.
Antagonist:
Synergist:

19

Soleus
Origin, Insertion, Innervation, Function, Antagonist and Synergist.

Origin: Medial borders tibia, posterior surface of fibula.
Insertion:Posterior surface of calcaneus via achilles tendon.
Innervation: Tibial nerve.
Function: Plantar flexes ankle joint.
Antagonist:
Synergist:

20

Plantaris
Origin, Insertion, Innervation, Function, Antagonist and Synergist.

Origin: Lateral condyle of femur.
Insertion: Posterior surface of calcaneus via achilles tendon.
Innervation: Tibial nerve.
Function: Assists gastrocnemius.
Antagonist:
Synergist:

21

Adductor Femoris = Adductor Magnus
Origin, Insertion, Innervation, Function, Antagonist and Synergist.

Origin: Inferior ramps of pubis.
Insertion: Linea aspera of femur.
Innervation: Obturator Nerve.
Function: Adductsand flexes thigh, can extend thigh depending on position.
Antagonist:
Synergist:

22

Iliotibial Tract

Insertion: Tibia.
Action: Provides lateral brace for the knee