Lane Changing and Right of Way Rules Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lane Changing and Right of Way Rules Deck (40)
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If a motorist driving in the middle lane wants to slow down, to which lane should they shift?

to slow down, shift right to lane 1

A vehicle should change lanes depending on its speed. Lane 2 is suitable for vehicles running at a medium pace.
A vehicle should shift:
1. left to lane 1 if it increases speed.
2. right to lane 3 if it has to slow down.


When two vehicles meet on a steep road where neither vehicle can pass, which vehicle must yield the right-of-way?

the vehicle facing downhill

The vehicle facing downhill must yield the right-of-way by backing up until the vehicle going uphill can pass. The vehicle facing downhill has better control when backing up the hill.


What rules of driving should a motorist follow before changing lanes?

Before changing lanes, signal, look in all your mirrors, and:

  • Check traffic behind and beside you.
  • Look over your shoulder in the direction you plan to move to make sure the lane you want is clear.
  • Check for vehicles, motorcyclists, and bicycle traffic in your blind spot.
  • Be sure there is enough room for your vehicle in the next lane.


Name some situations where a pedestrian must yield right-of-way to other vehicles.

A pedestrian must yield the right-of-way to other vehicles:

  • If the pedestrian crosses a street at any point other than within a crosswalk at an intersection
  • If a pedestrian crosses a street without using a pedestrian tunnel or overhead pedestrian crossing which has been provided


If you are driving on a single or two-lane road that intersects with a divided road, or a road with three or more lanes, to whom must you yield the right-of-way?

You must yield the right-of-way to vehicles traveling on the divided or three (3) or more lane road.


When approaching an intersection not controlled by signs, signals, multi-lanes, or pavement, to whom must you yield the right-of-way?

You must yield the right-of-way to any vehicle that has entered or is approaching the intersection on your right.


When turning left, to whom should you yield the right-of-way?

Always yield the right-of-way to any vehicle coming straight through from the other direction.


When entering or crossing a road, street, or highway from a private road, alley, building, or driveway, to whom must you yield the right-of-way?

You must stop prior to the sidewalk and yield the right-of-way to all approaching vehicles and pedestrians.


When approaching an intersection of a through street from a street that ends at the intersection, to whom should you yield the right-of-way?

You must stop and yield the right-of-way to vehicles on the through street.


A driver traveling on a frontage road of a controlled-access highway must yield the right-of-way to which vehicles?

The driver must yield the right-of-way to a vehicle:

  • entering or about to enter the frontage road from the highway, and
  • leaving or about to leave the frontage road to enter the highway


On a three-lane road with traffic moving in the same direction, a vehicle entering a lane of traffic from the right must yield the right-of-way to which vehicle?

A vehicle entering a lane of traffic from the right must yield the right-of-way to a vehicle entering the same lane of traffic from the left.


True or False:

Trains always have the right-of-way at railroad crossings.


Trains do not and cannot stop at crossings. Vehicles need to give trains the right-of-way at all railroad crossings.


Which emergency vehicles are to be given the right-of-way at all times?

The following vehicles must always be given the right-of-way:

1. Police cars
2. Firetrucks
3. Ambulances
4. Other emergency vehicles sounding a siren, bell, or flashing red light.


If you approach a school bus from either direction, and the bus is displaying alternately flashing red lights, what should you do?

You cannot pass the school bus until:

  • The school bus has resumed motion;
  • You are signaled by the driver to proceed; or
  • The red lights are no longer flashing.


Which lane should you use if you are traveling faster than other traffic or passing other vehicles?

middle or left lane


If your wheels drop off the pavement and onto the shoulder of the road, what should you do?

Slow down and very carefully turn back onto the pavement.


True or False:

If an officer is directing traffic at a working traffic light, drivers should follow the directions indicated by the traffic light.


Traffic signals are placed at intersections to keep traffic moving and to help prevent crashes. Drivers, pedestrians, and cyclists must obey these signals, except in instances when an officer is directing traffic.


True or False:

You should always signal when changing lanes.


Your turn signals should always be used when you make any movement to the left or right.


True or False:

Shared lanes may be used by motorcyclists and cyclists.


Shared lanes are intended for use by bicyclists. They assist bicyclists with lateral position in lanes too narrow for a motor vehicle and a bicycle to travel side by side within the same traffic lane. Shared lanes also alert road users to the location bicyclists are likely to occupy.


Which rule holds importance when driving on an interstate?

Signal, check your mirrors and check your blind spot before changing lanes or passing on an interstate.


True or False:

At a light rail intersection, you can quickly cross over once the crossing gates have been lowered.


Trains share the road with motor vehicles and bicyclists. Always look both ways before turning across train tracks and always obey signs and traffic signals.


True or False:

When changing lanes, you can check your blind spots by using the inside rearview mirror.


You should turn your head to check your blind spots before every lane change.


True or False:

You can park within 10 feet of an intersection.


You should not park within 20 feet of an intersection. An improperly parked vehicle may cause a crash.


While driving on a two-lane road without bicycle lanes, you encounter a bicyclist traveling in the same direction. What is the safest way to pass the bicyclist?

1. Slow down your vehicle
2. Wait until there is no traffic approaching
3. Pass the bicyclist while leaving him or her sufficient space.


What should drivers keep in mind when driving near heavy trucks?

Other drivers and highway users should

  • make allowances for the increased stopping distance required by the large vehicles.
  • remain in locations where they can be seen by the driver of the large vehicle.


Fill in the blank.

It is illegal to follow within ____ of a fire truck that is sounding its siren.

500 feet

You must not drive or park your vehicle within the block (500 feet) where a fire truck has stopped to answer a fire alarm.


What is the minimum distance you must maintain before changing lanes to pass ahead while ensuring that there is no oncoming traffic?

Signal at least 100 feet in advance of your lane change.


True or False:

When approaching a T-intersection, drivers have the right-of-way.


When approaching a T intersection while traveling on the street ending at the intersection, a driver must stop and yield the right-of-way to vehicles on the crossroad. Only proceed when it is safe to do so.


True or False:

When you hear the siren or see the flashing lights of an approaching emergency vehicle, use your hand to signal the emergency vehicle to pass.


You must immediately drive to the right side of the road and stop until the emergency vehicle has passed. If you are within an intersection, pass through the intersection before coming to a stop on the right side of the road.


True or False:

Emergency vehicles have right-of-way when using sirens, horns, and/or flashing lights.


You must yield the right-of-way to police cars, fire engines, ambulances, or any other emergency vehicles using a siren or air horn and a red or blue flashing light.


How would you react if another car is in danger of hitting you?

Sound your horn to warn other drivers or pedestrians in situations where they may not see you.


True or False:

When turning onto a one-way street, drivers should always turn into the left lane.


If you are turning onto a one-way street, enter into the lane that interferes the least with other traffic. Do not make a dangerous turn into traffic.


True or False:

When preparing to turn left, drivers should increase their speed gradually while checking their rearview mirror.


As you approach a left turn, signal your intentions three to five seconds in advance. Continually check your rearview mirror as you gradually slow down.


True or False:

As a pedestrian, you can enter a street or crosswalk when vehicles are approaching.


Pedestrians should not enter a street or crosswalk when vehicles are approaching. Though pedestrians have the right-of-way in crosswalks, a vehicle approaching from a close distance may not have the time to stop before entering the crosswalk.


While entering public traffic from a driveway, would you assume that other drivers will change lanes to make room for you?


If you are entering traffic from a driveway or private road, you should yield to drivers already on the public road. Merge safely into traffic when you are able to do so.


Fill in the blank.

You should not park within ____ of a traffic control signal.

30 feet

You should not park within 30 feet of a traffic control signal, such as a stop sign, a flashing signal, or a yield sign. An improperly parked vehicle may cause a crash.


What tactic should you adopt when entering a highway from an entrance ramp?

Accelerate to the speed of traffic.

When merging with traffic from an acceleration lane, you should put your signal on, look for an opening in traffic, accelerate up to the speed of traffic, and merge into an opening in traffic.


You are driving on a busy street and your vehicle’s accelerator is stuck on open. How would you react?

Turn off your ignition, taking care not to engage the steering wheel locking mechanism.


True or False:

You can pass safely on a two-way, two-lane street if your vehicle is capable of the speed necessary to pass.


In addition, you cannot pass safely when driving on a two-way, two-lane street unless you can clearly see the road ahead. Do not pass where it is illegal and unsafe to do so.


What should you do if a pedestrian hybrid beacon signal light is flashing red?

You should come to a complete stop and proceed if the crosswalk is clear.