Language Arts Flashcards
What is reading automaticity?
Fast, effortless word recognition that comes with a great deal of reading practice. Automaticity refers only to accurate, speedy word recognition, not to reading with expression.
What is phonological awareness?
Phonological awareness is a meta-cognitive skill (i.e., an awareness/ability to think about one’s own thinking) for the sound structures of language.
What is emergent literacy?
Emergent literacy is the term used to describe the reading and writing experiences of young children before they learn to write and read conventionally. Emergent literacy begins at birth, regardless of whether or not a child has a disability.
What are semantic cues?
Semantic cues refer to the meaning in language that assists in comprehending texts, including words, speech, signs, symbols, and other meaning-bearing forms. Semantic cues involve the learners’ prior knowledge of language, text, and visual media, and their prior life experiences.
What are syntactic cues?
Syntactic Cues. Syntactic cues involve word order, rules and patterns of language (grammar), and punctuation. For example, the position a word holds in a sentence will cue the listener or reader as to whether the word is a noun or a verb.
What are graphophonic cues?
Graphophonic cues involve the letter-sound or sound-symbol relationships of language. Readers identifying unknown words by relating speech sounds to letters or letter patterns are using graphophonic cues. This process is often called decoding.
What is an open syllable?
An open syllable is a syllable with a long vowel sound where the vowel is open, meaning there is no consonant after it. (Example: Music)
What is a closed syllable?
A closed syllable is a syllable that has only one vowel and that vowel is followed by a constanant. (Example: Cat)
What is prosody?
Expressiveness with which a student reads. It is the intonation, rhythm, and emphasis given to words and sentences when reading out loud. Prosody is a key component in reading fluency.
What are organizational patterns in text?
Chronological, compare and contrast, order of importance, sequences, spatial, cause and effect, problem and solution.
Information in a passage is organized by the time in which each event occurred
Compare and Contrast
Text structure or pattern of organization where the similarities and differences of two or more things are explored
Order of Importance
Information can be structured from most important to least important or least important to most important
Information in a passage is organized by the order in which it occurs.
Information in a passage is organized in order of space or location (Graphic organizer).
Cause and Effect
Generally used in expository and persuasive writing modes.