Language Terms/ Techniques: Flashcards Preview

English > Language Terms/ Techniques: > Flashcards

Flashcards in Language Terms/ Techniques: Deck (34):
1

Modal verb:

an auxiliary verb that expresses necessity or possibility. English modal verbs include must, shall, will, should, would, can, could, may, and might.

2

Adverb:

a word or phrase that modifies the meaning of an adjective, verb, or other adverb, expressing manner, place, time, or degree (e.g. gently, here, now, very ). Some adverbs, for example sentence adverbs, can also be used to modify whole sentences.

3

Verb:

A doing word

4

Adjectives:

A word describing a noun

5

Noun:

a word used to identify any of a class of people

6

Common noun:

a noun denoting a class of objects or a concept as opposed to a particular individual

7

Proper noun:

a name used for an individual person, place, or organization, spelled with an initial capital letter, e.g. Jane, London, and Oxfam

8

Pronoun:

a word that can function as a noun phrase used by itself and that refers either to the participants in the discourse (e.g. I, you ) or to someone or something mentioned elsewhere in the discourse (e.g. she, it, this ).

9

Abstract noun:

a noun denoting an idea, quality, or state rather than a concrete object, e.g. truth, danger, happiness

10

Concrete noun:

Concrete nouns are things that you can experience through your five senses: sight, smell, hearing, taste, and touch

11

Collective noun:

a count noun that denotes a group of individuals (e.g. assembly, family, crew ).

12

Phrase:

A word or group of words that functions as a constituent in the syntax of a sentence

13

Clause:

A clause is a group of words that contains a verb (and usually other components too). A clause may form part of a sentence or it may be a complete sentence in itself

14

Alliteration:

Two words of sounds that have the same first letter put after each other in a sentance

15

Onomatopoeia:

the formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named (e.g. cuckoo, sizzle ).

16

Personification:

the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something non-human

17

Pathetic fallacy:

the attribution of human feelings and responses to inanimate things or animals

18

Foreboding:

a feeling that something bad will happen; fearful apprehension

19

Dramatic irony:

the expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect.

20

Foreshadowing:

A warning or indication

21

Fronted adverbial:

fronted adverbials are words or phrases at the beginning of a sentence, used to describe the action that follows

22

Backstory

A background or history created for a fictional character.

23

Connotation

An idea or image which is suggested by a word, which is not its dictionary meaning eg the connotation of desk might be school

24

Dialect

Different spoken forms of the same language

25

Prose

A straight piece of writing not poetry

26

Terms of address

The way a person is addressed, for example by first name, pronoun or title

27

Motif

Any repeated idea theme or image that has a symbolic significance in the text

28

Repetition

Words, phrases or ideas are repeated for effect

29

Listing

A number of connected items written one after the other

30

Symbolism:

The use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities

31

Motif:

A pattern or recurring idea in an artistic work

32

Slang

Informal words used mostly in speech within a particular social group

33

Jargon

A negative term for a certain language

34

Narrative writing

A narrative or story is a report of connected events, real or imaginary, presented in a sequence of written or spoken words, or still or moving images, or both.