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Flashcards in Law & Politics Deck (50):

In 2009, he became the first black American U.S. Attorney General. He is the 82nd Attorney General
of the United States.

Eric Holder


He was the first black lawyer to win a lawsuit in America was.

Robert Morris


In 2011, she became the first African American and South Asian to hold the office of Attorney General
of the State of California.

Kamala Harris


The first black lawyer admitted to the bar in the United States was Macon Bolling Allen, from what
city and state.

Portland, Maine.


In 1968, he was, former mayor of Prichard, Alabama, founded the first Black American Law Students
Association (BALSA) at the New York University Law School. BALSA was the precursor to the
Black Law Students Association (BLSA). In 198, BALSA revised its name and the word “American”
was deleted to encompass all blacks, including those not of American nationality.

Algemon Johnson Cooper, Jr.


He became the first black lawyer to actually argue a case before the Supreme Court on February 2,

Samuel R. Lowery


In 1967 President Johnson appointed him to the Supreme Court. Justice Marshall became the first
black Supreme Court Justice.

Thurgood Marshall


In 1966, she became the first African-American woman appointed to the federal bench.

Constance Baker Motley


On January 29, 1926, this woman became the first black woman lawyer admitted to practice before
the Supreme Court.

Violette N. Anderson


On what date did Lani Guinier became the first Black woman named as a tenured faculty member in
the Harvard University School. Her official starting date was July 1, 1998.

January 26, 1998


In 2004, this law school appointed Frederic White, the first African-American dean of an ABAaccredited
law school in California.

Golden Gate University’s School of Law


In 1870, he was the first African-American U.S. Senator (Mississippi).

Senator Hiram Revels


January 1, 1863 President Abraham Lincoln issued this order proclaiming the freedom of slaves in ten
states that were still in rebellion during the Civil War.

Emancipation Proclamation


In 1866, these two men became the first blacks elected to a U.S. state legislature (Massachusetts
House of Representatives).

Edward G. Walker and Charles L. Mitchell


January 4, 1869 the first law school in the United States intended for African-Americans and those
seeking to provide legal defense for African-Americans was established at this law school.

Howard School of Law


1948: The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that this woman be admitted to the law school at the University
of Oklahoma. The ruling states that blacks have the right to a legal education of the same quality as

Ada Sipuel


In 1969 who served as the first black president of a law review journal at a top law school. He is
named to head the Stanford Law Review.

Vaughn Charles Williams


In what year did Annette Gordon becomes the first black woman editor on the Harvard Law Review.



1990: What group called filed a suit against Harvard Law School saying it does not comply with
Massachusetts’s law in its hiring women and minorities.

Harvard Law School Coalition for Civil Rights


In 1990 he was elected the first black president of the Harvard Law Review.

Barack Obama


She was the first woman to run for U.S. President and was the first black woman elected to Congress.

Shirley Holmes Chisholm


This 1960 ruling declared segregation in interstate bus and rail stations unconstitutional.

Boyton v. Virginia


The “Big 5” Civil Rights groups are?

The National Urban League; National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
(NAACP); Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC); The Congress of Racial
Equality (C.O.R.E); The Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)


What act outlawed major forms of discrimination against racial, ethnic, national and religious
minorities, and women. It ended unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial
segregation in schools, at the workplace, and by facilities that served the general public ("public

The Civil Rights Act of 1964


What law of 1850 denied runaway African Americans a trial by jury or right to testify in their
own defense?

The Fugitive Slave Law


In what year was the NAACP founded?



Which of the 13 colonies was the first to abolish slavery?



What was the name of the abolitionist newspaper, which Frederick Douglass founded?

The North Star


How long did the Montgomery Bus Boycott last?

One year


In what landmark decision did the Supreme Court declare that the segregation of public schools was
in violation of the 14th Amendment?

Brown v. Board of Education


The twelve African-Americans elected to the House of Reps in 1970 created this political group in

Congressional Black Caucus


In what landmark decision did the Supreme Court declare that laws prohibiting interracial marriage
were unconstitutional?

Loving v. Virginia (1967)


In what landmark decision did the Supreme Court declare that slaves were property, that blacks were
not citizens, and that the MI Compromise was unconstitutional?

Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)


Seen to be tackling the issues of both economic and social equality, schools were often targeted as
places of demonstrations. Which city in Arkansas saw 9 Black families enroll their children in an "allwhite"
school in 1957?

Little Rock


One of the first efforts to restrict rights was voter suppression laws. What is NOT one of the strategies
used in the 1880s and 1890s to prevent African-Americans from voting?

Voter Identification Laws


What US Supreme Court decision created the legal fiction of "separate but equal"?

Plessy v. Ferguson


What southern born US President set back race relations in the United States by decades when he resegregated
the federal government?

Woodrow Wilson


During the "Red Summer" of 1919, what major US city witnessed a two-week race riot that resulted
in 38 deaths?



During the "Red Summer" of 1919, what southern state had race riots that caused the death of at least
100 African-American sharecroppers?



Who was the first African American to serve as the United States Secretary of State?

Collin Powell


Who was the first colonist slain in the Boston Massacre?

Crispus Attucks


The U.S. Emancipation Proclamation, signed in 1863, freed slaves in what areas?

Confederate territories


What slave sued for freedom in the 1840s, claiming that since he was in a free state, it was illegal for
his master to keep him in bondage? The Supreme Court finally decided the case in 1857.

Dred Scott


A man called Cinque led a successful rebellion aboard what slave ship in the mid-nineteenth century?

La Amistad


In 1870 what state elected the first African American to be seated as a Representative in the United
States Congress?

South Carolina


Robert Weaver became the first Black cabinet member of a United States President. Which President
appointed him?

Lyndon B. Johnson


Mary McLeod Bethune organized the "Black Cabinet" for which president?

Franklin D. Roosevelt


Who was the first Black female member of Congress?

Shirley Chisholm


Who was the first Black female to become a national news commentator?

Ethel L. Payne


Who was the first black woman to serve in the United Nations?

Patricia Roberts Harris