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Flashcards in Learning Theories Deck (25):
1

What is classical conditioning ?

Process of learning through association

2

What is operant conditioning

Learning through consequence

3

What is positive reinforcement

Desired behaviour is rewarded with something pleasant

4

What is negative reinforcement

Something unpleasant is taken away for showing a desired behaviour

5

What is positive punishment

Something undesired is given as punishment for bad behaviour

6

What is negative punishment

Something pleasant is taken away for bad behaviour

7

What does Social Learning Theory state?

That people and animals observe what others do and copy their behaviour

8

4 stages of Social Learning Theory

Attention
Retention
Reproduction
Motivation

9

Who came up with Social Learning Theory

Bandura

10

Aim of Banduras original bobo doll experiment

To see if children exposed to an aggressive model would later reproduce aggressive acts

11

Total number of pps in banduras original study

72

12

One results from banduras original study

1/3 of the children who observed the aggressive model immitated the models behaviour

13

2 treatments of phobias

Systematic desensitisation
Flooding

14

Learning theories key question

Is the influence of role models and celebrities somethjng that causes anorexia ?

15

Aim of learning theories practical

To investigate whether there is a difference between gender and the type and appearance of car driven

16

Example of classical conditioning

Pavlovs dog

17

Example of operant conditioning

Skinners box

18

Classic study of learning theories

Watson and Raynor (Little Albert)

19

Contemporary study for learning theories

Becker (EAT-26)

20

3 variations of banduras experiments

Original
Through film
Vicarious reinforcement

21

What happened in the 3 rooms of banduras original study

Room1) watched adult role models
Room2) toys in room not allowed to play with
Room3) observed playing with toys

22

What were the 3 experimental groups if banduras second experiment (imitation of film)

Real life aggression
Filmed aggression
Cartoon aggression

23

What hapoened in the 2 experimental conditions of banduras vicarious reinforcement study

Adult praised at end
Adult told off at end

24

Aim of Beckers contemporary study

To investigate the effect of tv on attitudes to eating behaviours on Fijian girls

25

2 results from Beckers study

16% more girls scored 20+ on EAT-26 in second sample

No girls used self induced vomiting in first sample but 11% did in second