Flashcards in Lecture 09: Running 02 Deck (12):
What does Australopithecus Afarensis share with both apes and modern humans?
(Hint: there are 3 things)
- Short legs
- Curved long toes
- Short stature
Why did the human body form evolve?
Persistence Running Hypothesis
What does the Persistence Running Hypothesis explain?
- Endurance running in the pursuit for meat
- Endurance running for scavenging
What is the thermoregulatory advantages between dogs and humans?
Dogs pants and humans sweat
What does the Ethnographic Evidence show?
Humans run prey into heat exhaustion, which allows for safe close range hunting
What is Australoptiecine Heelbones differ from humans?
- Smaller Achilles tendon insertion
What is the difference in energy cost between Australopiths and Homo Erectus?
- Home Erectus had longer legs
Greater Force Resistance:
The resistance in running is _____times and up to ____ time body weight during running
What are the 9 Adaptations of running for the genus Homo?
- Semicircular Canals
- Nuchal Ligament
- Large Sacrum
- Huge Femoral Head
- Long Legs
- Robust Leg Bones
- Short Toes
- Achilles Tendon
- Big Knees
What does the Semicircular Canal do?
Orient the brain to help maintain balance
What does the Christa Ampullaris do?
Sense angular acceleration and deceleration during head turning