Lecture 09: Running 02 Flashcards Preview

ANTH 324 Exam 02 > Lecture 09: Running 02 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lecture 09: Running 02 Deck (12):
1

What does Australopithecus Afarensis share with both apes and modern humans?
(Hint: there are 3 things)

- Short legs
- Curved long toes
- Short stature

2

Why did the human body form evolve?

Persistence Running Hypothesis

3

What does the Persistence Running Hypothesis explain?

- Endurance running in the pursuit for meat
- Endurance running for scavenging

4

What is the thermoregulatory advantages between dogs and humans?

Dogs pants and humans sweat

5

What does the Ethnographic Evidence show?

Humans run prey into heat exhaustion, which allows for safe close range hunting

6

What is Australoptiecine Heelbones differ from humans?

- Smaller Achilles tendon insertion

7

What is the difference in energy cost between Australopiths and Homo Erectus?

- Home Erectus had longer legs

8

Greater Force Resistance:
The resistance in running is _____times and up to ____ time body weight during running

2; 4

9

What are the 9 Adaptations of running for the genus Homo?

- Semicircular Canals
- Nuchal Ligament
- Large Sacrum
- Huge Femoral Head
- Long Legs
- Robust Leg Bones
- Short Toes
- Achilles Tendon
- Big Knees

10

What does the Semicircular Canal do?

Orient the brain to help maintain balance

11

What does the Christa Ampullaris do?

Sense angular acceleration and deceleration during head turning

12

What does the Nuchal Ligament help with?

Sustain the weight of the head