Lecture 5 Immobility and Falls Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 5 Immobility and Falls Deck (12)
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1

Name musculoskeletal causes of falls (2)

Arthritis of weight bearing joints
Deformities of feet

2

Name drugs that cause falls

Antihypertensives
Sedatives
Alcohol
Opioids

3

Name neurological causes of falls

Stroke
Parkinson's
Dementia
Delirium

4

Name sensory causes of falls

Visual impairment
Inattention
Hearing

5

Name cardiovascular causes of falls

Postural hypotension
Arrhythmia
Heart failure
Aortic stenosis

6

How do drugs cause falls

Decreases blood pressure, HR and awareness

Increases urine, sedation, hallucinations, dizziness

7

What underlying pathology can cause an ataxic gait

Cerebellar damage

8

What underlying pathology can cause arthralgia gait

Arthritis

9

What underlying pathology can cause hemiplegic gait

Stroke

10

What underlying pathology can cause small steps, shuffling

(Vascular) Parkinsonism

11

What underlying pathology can cause high stepping gait

Peripheral neuropathy

12

What signs from a head injury would indicate and immediate CT

Low GCS <13
Still confused after 2 hours
Focal neurology
Signs of skull fracture
Basal skull fracture
Seizure
Vomiting
Anti-coagulation