Lecture 7 The three turns of immanence Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 7 The three turns of immanence Deck (49):
1

Where does "one is a secret to another, and perhaps even to oneself" come from?

Charles Dickens' A Tale of Two Cities

2

what are the 3 themes of inwardness in western philo?

1. ANCIENT: socrates; greek injuction "know thyself" "unexamined life is not worth living
2. MEDIEVAL: st. augustine's in interiore homine (the interior man)
3. MODERN: descartes; cartesian cogito; i think therefore i am

3

When did the dawn of interiority begin and where?

renaissance in italy

4

What are the 2 forces that composed the dawn of interiority in the west?

1. secularism that characterized the creative and scholarly retrieval of the ancient classics of greece and rome (passionate attention to the mundane and human)
2. intensified individualism (increased study of roman law)

5

Contemporary interiority was characterized by:

1. self identities
2. search for uniqeness
3. NO LONGER SATISTIFED WITH BEING GOD’S CHILDREN
4. YEARN TO HAVE OUR OWN PLACE IN HISTORY

6

Who greatly influenced the renaissance climate of interiority?

Desiderius Erasmus

7

What are the 3 turns to immanence:

1. SUBJECTIVE TURN
2. LINGUISTIC TURN
3. EXPERIENTIAL TURN

8

How did modern period end up with religion/ turn to interiority?

Anthropomorphism + discovery of God (immanence)

9

it is when we come to appreciate religion because we realize that there is SOMETHING GREATER than OURSELVES

immanence

10

it is the search for spirituality and finding a place for religion in ourselves.

religion/ interiority

11

It is when we look for whatever can fit the hole to find ourselves or God

God-shaped hole

12

What did st. augustine write? (book w/ talked about "in interiore homine)

The Confession

13

Who is the proponent of the subjective turn?

Descartes

14

Who is the guarantor of clarity and distinctness of the cogito Fundamentum Inconcussum?

God

15

What imposes order upon reality?

cogito's dynamic will

16

Who discussed "ethic of poiesis"?
Man's will imposes order in reality

Charles Taylor

17

In the subjective turn, the _____ gains KNOWLEDGE of SELF in relation to the WORLD

subject

18

What is the the most celebrated philosophic dictum

cogito

19

This is descartes' method of discovering who i am

methodic doubt

20

I think therefore i am

cogito ergo sum

21

What is descartes' Subjectivist Principle?

says that the data of philo is not just the object that enters into experience by the subject experiencing

22

What are problems of the subjectivist principle?

1. Acceptance of the substance-quality concept as expressing the ultimate ontological principle
2. Acceptance of Aristotle’s definition of a primary substance as always a subject and never a predicate
3. Assumption that the experient subject is the primary substance

23

____ is that which requires nothing else but itself to exist

Substance

24

for a reformed subjectivist principle, substance must be replaced by_______

ultimate metaphysical category

25

What is ultimate metaphysical category?

it is the concept by which we understand the whole of reality, which is TOGETHERNESS & RELATION

26

What are the 2 metaphysical fruits of the cogito?

1. res cogitans
2. res extensa

27

Why does the "i" under descartes beocome fragmented?

I am a thinking being, but I am not by body.

28

Who proposed the Brain-in-a-vat concept?
--divide bet self and the body

John Searle

29

Who says that the subjective turn is “the solipsism of the present moment” ?

Santayana

30

Who proposes the “reformed SUBJECTIVIST PRINCIPLE” ?

Whitehead

31

What is the “reformed SUBJECTIVIST PRINCIPLE” ?

The experiential turn

32

Primary togetherness of things is in their togetherness in _______.
(the experiential turn)

experience

because apart from experience, there is “NOTHING, NOTHING, NOTHING, BARE NOTHINGNESS”

33

Who is the main proponent of the Linguistic Turn?

Charles Taylor

34

Language is not only an articulation of ideas or a means of communication, but it is a method to know & understand the self through _____

self-reflexivity

35

Language makes the self _____ to itself

transparent

36

Taylor's philosophy of language is ______

hermeneutical (not just articulation but determinitng who we are)

37

What are the 2 semantic dimensions of language? (2 sides of meaning ful objects)

1. designative
2. expressive

38

it is a semantic dimension of language where a word's meaning points to what it designates. Language of science

Designative

39

it is a semantic dimension of language where a word manifests its meaning by embodying it. Language of arts and feelings. Language that captures who we are.

Expressive

40

Who is the main proponent of the experiential turn?

Whitehead

41

What is at the core of one's identity?

experiences

42

What does experience recognize?

that we are all interconnected

43

What are the 3 points to which whitehead reacts concerning his emphasis on experience?

1. Reacts against the substance-quality concept
2. Reacts against the Aristotle’s concept of the passive perceiver in their accounts of experience
3. Reacts against Kant’s doctrine that states that the objective world is a construct of subjective experience = PHEMOMENALISM

44

means that the many experiences grow together to become one emergent subject

concresco ergo sum

45

The concrescence of each individual is_____

internally determined and externally free

46

A subject is active if he ___

creates his own world

47

What means that Subject is PRIOR to experience?

TERMINUS A QUO

48

What means that Superject: Subject is POSTERIOR to the experience?

TERMINUS AD QUEM

49

Subject is the _____ of EXPERIENCE TERMINUS AD QUEM (and not terminus a quo)

ENDPOINT or PRODUCT