Lecture One -Introduction and Valuing Biodiversity Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture One -Introduction and Valuing Biodiversity Deck (19):
1

Define the term 'ecology'.

The scientific study of the abundance, distribution and dynamics of organisms, and the interactions that determine these.

2

Give the four levels of ecological organisation, from smallest to largest.

1) Individual organisms
2) Populations
3) Communities
4) Ecosystems

3

What is a population?

A group of organisms of the same species interacting with one another in a particular space and time.

4

What is a community?

An assemblage of populations of a number of different species and the interactions between those species.

5

What is an ecosystem?

The community and the abiotic environment where the community is set, and how they interact.

6

In ecosystem ecology, what two things are measured?

- The flows of energy through populations
- The cycling of nutrients through the ecosystem

7

What three things are measured in population dynamics?

- Distribution
- Abundance
- Dynamics

8

What does Gretchen Daily study?

How environmental change influences ecological systems.

9

Give six ecological applications.

- Agriculture
- Fisheries
- Forestry
- Medicine
- Conservation
- Climate

10

Give the five main threats to biodiversity.

- Habitat loss
- Pollution
- Aliens and invasive species
- Climate change

11

Give the two main ecological conflicts.

- Fisheries and marine conservation
- Energy generation and carbon management

12

Give three important conservation strategies.

- Protected areas
- Habitat restoration
- Corridors and connectivity

13

What is biodiversity?

The variety of life at all its levels, and the ecological and evolutionary processes that sustain it.

14

Why should we attach economic value to ecology?

Conservation biologists seek valid economic arguments for sustainable use of habitats and species.

15

Give three examples of direct ecological use.

- For food
- For shelter
- For recreation (ecotourism, hunting)

16

What is the economic value of direct ecological use in the UK?

£4.87 billion

17

Give six examples of indirect use value in ecology.

- Climate regulation
- Water regulation and supply
- Soil formation
- Biological control
- Nutrient cycle
- Pollination

18

What is option value?

Future benefits as yet unseen, such as new foods, medicines and genetic resources.

19

What is existence value?

Our appreciation of biodiversity, with no specific monetary value - based on human perception.