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Flashcards in lecture Qs final Deck (38):
1

torticollis

abnormal twisting of the neck which causes the head to be held in a rotated or tiltled position
75% right side

2

muscular causes of torticollis

fibromatosis colli
muscle spasm following trauma
just trauma

3

cause of torticollis(broad)

Muscular or Skeletal

4

cause of torticollis skeletal

unilateral interfacetal dislocation UID
occipital condyle fracture
Atlanto -axial rotatory fixation
cns related
subarachnoid hemorage

5

Fibromatosis colli

rare but accounts for 80% of childhood torticollis
due to traumatic delivery &
positioning in utero- develops 2-3wks after birth

benign proliferation of fibous tissue into SCM lower 1/3

6

Bezold's abscees

complication of suppurative mastoiditis

Occurs when infection errodes the mastoid tip into the neck, forming an abscess --- can result in torticollis*

7

true or false
torticollis can be caused by Rheumatoid Arthritis

true
due to Pannus

8

most common sagittal synostosis

doliochocephaly (sagittal synosis

9

sagittal synostosis

Boat head/ scaphoscephaly(broad term 4 sagital)
used to describe a narrow head shape

10

Coronal synostosis unilateral

Bent-Head( Plagiocephaly)
More on left

11

if coronal synostosis bilateral

brachycephaly

12

metopic synostosis

triangle -head ( trigonocephaly)

13

lamboid synostosis

slant head- Occipital plagiocephaly

14

scaphocephaly

most common form of craniosynostosis; more common in males
premature closure of sagittal suture

15

Trigonocephaly

premature closure of metopic suture

16

turricephaly

premature closure of coronal suture

17

Frontal plagiocephaly

2nd most common craniosynostosis

18

Occipital Plagiocephaly

More common in immobile children
premature closure of lamboid suture on one side

19

syndromic craniosynostosis

autosomal dominant linked to chromosome 10q

20

FGFR

(fibroblast growth factors)important in angiogenis
related to craniosynostosis syndromes
binds to many receptors
will see too much bone formation

21

FGFR1

pfieffer syndrome

22

FGFR2

HOTTEST fibroblast gene for mutations:(learn 1 &3 easier)
crouzon syndrome
Apert Syndrome
Prieffer syndrome
Jackson wies syndrom

23

FGFR3

Achondroplasia
thanstophoric dysplasia

24

primary craniosynotosis

abnormal biology of the suture causes premature suture closure- FGfR related craniosynotosis

25

secondary craniosynotosis

suture biology is normal
but abnormal external forces result in premature suture closure

26

crouzon sydrome

craniofacial dysostosis
complete penetrance
autosomal dominant
50%due to spontaneous mutations
Due to mutation of FGFR-2gene =10q26*
NO SYNDACTYLY or cervical fusion

class 3 , midface hypoplasia

27

apert

autosomal dominant
FGFR2- gene 10q26

28

Pfeiffer's syndrome

skull is prematurely fused and unable to grow normally -craniosynostosis
Bulging wide set eyes due to shallow eyesockets
FGFR-2
under developed mid face

29

Muenke syndrom

phenmotypic overlap occurs with other disease
intellect normal
Characterized by coronal synostosis or macrocephaly

30

jackson wiess syndrom

foot abnormalities and premature fusion of certain parts of the skull

31

ventrolateral

early migration trunk neural crest cell..

they migrate into and through the anterior of half of each somite

32

vagal and sacral neural crest generate what

parasympathetic(enteric) ganglion

33

Cardiac neural crest cells form

Endothelial lining

34

where does heart form

ink neck under pharyngeal arches

35

cranial(cephalic) neural crest cells

cells from craniotomy facial mesenchyme ;
creates facial cartilage and bone

36

neuro plate folds and forms

neural tube

37

poor saliva affects which arch more

Mandibular

38

poor saliva causes

more friction at the denture mucosa interface