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Flashcards in Legislative Branch Deck (78):
1

What does it mean to convene?

To assemble

2

What is the job of the legislative branch of government?

To make laws

3

Our government is self-governing. We call this a form of _________

Democracy

4

What fraction of our senators is elected every two years?

1/3

5

How many senators does Idaho have?

Two

6

The Speaker of the House is typically a member of the ______________

Majority party

7

What is a filibuster?

Senator talks endlessly to stall for time

8

The Speaker of the House is elected by whom?

Direct vote of the House

9

How does the President Pro Tempore get his job?

Direct vote of Senate

10

What rule stops a filibuster?

Cloture

11

The constitution says that each state will have ___ senators

2 (Article 1, Section 3, Clause 1)

12

What are the 2 major political parties in the U.S.?

Democratic and Rebublican

13

What number is a quorum in the senate?

51

14

Who is the current Speaker of the House?

Paul Ryan

15

What do the initials PL stand for?

Public Law

16

Who does the House of Representatives represent?

The people

17

What is a quorum?
(definition)

The number of those legally necessary to do business... One more than half

18

What is a quorum in the House?

218

19

How do we decide how many representatives to the House each state has?

By state popultion

20

Is there a limit on debate in the House?

Yes - One hour

21

What is a two-house legislature called?

Bicameral

22

When does Congress convene?

January 3

23

A senator must be at least __ years old

30

24

A senator must have been a citizen for _ years

9

25

How many Representatives are currently in the House?

435

26

Our government is unique because it is both _______ and ________

Flexible; Stable

27

How many senators are there?

100

28

Who is in charge of the House of Representatives?

Speaker of the House

29

How long does a Senator serve per term?

6 years

30

To keep one branch from gaining too much power, we have a system of ______ and ________

Checks; Balances

31

Which house of Congress represents the people?

House of Representatives

32

According to our Founding Fathers, if your government isn't serving your needs, you have the duty to _________

Change it

33

What does the Senate represent?

The states

34

When the VP is not available, who is in charge of the Senate?

President Pro Tempore

35

Who succeeds the President Pro Tempore as President?

Secretary of State

36

Who succeeds the Speaker of the House as President?

President Pro Tempore

37

Who may suggest a bill?

Any concerned citizen

38

All bills involving money must begin in which house?

House of Representatives

39

When a bill starts in the House of Representatives, how is it marked?

HR

40

When a bill is filed away for future work by committee, we say that the bill has been _______

Pigeonholed

41

Which house of congress represents the states?

Senate

42

Can the Speaker vote on issues in the House?

Yes

43

What is the minimum number of Representatives a state must have?

One

44

Can the VP vote on Senate issues?

No - Unless in a tie

45

How old must a Representative be?

25

46

Where do most bills die?

Committee

47

Can the President Pro Tempore vote on Senate issues?

Yes

48

A member of the House of Representatives must have been a U.S. citizen for _ years

7

49

In what order does the President's succession go?

1. President
2. Vice President
3. Speaker of the House
4. President Pro Tempore
5. Secretary of State

50

Who is the current President Pro Tempore of the Senate?

Orrin Hatch

51

For a bill to become a law, it must pass through both houses?

True

52

What state has a unicameral government?

Nebraska

53

What are the names of the two houses of Congress in our federal government?

House of Representatives and Senate

54

Does the constitution say that we must have two political parties?

No

55

Who succeeds the Vice President as President?

Speaker of the House

56

Who is in charge of the Senate

Vice President

57

What are the three branches of government?

1. Legislative
2. Executive
3. Judicial

58

What do you call a count of the population?

Census

59

Is there a limit to debate in the Senate?

No

60

What does the Rules Committee do?

Sends bills to their proper committee

61

If a state has 29 electoral votes, how many Representatives does the state have?

27

62

Can there be a filibuster in the House?

No

63

What does the executive branch do?

Enforce laws

64

A bill marked SB came from which house?

Senate

65

Who is the current President of the senate?

Mike Pence

66

What is a one-house legislature called?

Unicameral

67

When a bill is calendared, what is done?

It is numbered and put in order

68

With only a few exceptions, a bill may be started in either house of Congress.
True or False

True

69

What are the four things that the Rules Committee does?

1. Send the bill to its proper committee
2. Reword it
3. Make rules for the bill
4. Calendar it (label and number it)

70

A committee consisting of members from both houses of congress is called what?

Joint Committee (Sometimes referred to as "Conference Committee")

71

Which article deals with the legislative branch?

Article 1

72

One house may not adjourn for more than _____ without permission from the other house

3 Days

73

What is a caucus?

A short meeting

74

Can a Congressman be jailed for a minor crime the same as you or me?

No (Each house of Congress establishes penalties for congressional violations - Ethics Committee)

75

Someone who works in the "hallways" of Congress, attempting to influence the votes of Congressman is called what?

A Lobbyist

76

What keeps a Congressman from going to jail for minor infractions of the law?

Congressional Immunity (Article 1, Section 6 - "While Congress is in session")

77

Can a Senator be impeached?

No (Senators are not "Civil Officers" like the President, VP, Justices, and Cabinet members)

78

Who are the current Senators in California?

1. Diane Feinstein
2. Kamala Harris