Flashcards in Lenin's Foreign Policy Deck (30):
What was Lenins style of approach to foreign policy?
Reaslistic / Pragmatic
When was Russia defeated by Poland?
What 3 factors influenced Lenins approach to foreign policy?
1) Defeat to Poland 1920
2) Level of foreign intervention in Civil War
3) Failure of Communist revolutions around the world (Germany + Hungary)
What 2 countries did Communist revolutions fail in?
What did the failure of Communist revolutions in other countries tell Lenin?
The time wasn't right for world revolution
Because Capitalist nations were still too strong, what approach did Lenin now have to take?
A 'soft' approach
What did a 'soft' approach to foreign affairs mean?
To be diplomatic to international relations
When was the Treaty of Rapallo signed?
Who was the Treaty of Rapallo between?
Russia and Germany
Russia and Germany were both classed as what around 1922?
Why was the Treaty of Rapallo signed?
A conference in Genoa broke down and Russia and Germany both left
What was the Treaty of Rapallo intended to do?
Improve financial dealings among European states
What were the terms of the Treaty of Rapallo?
Russia would provide German forces with training grounds and resources
Russia would be granted special trading rights with Germany in return
When was the Treaty of Berlin signed?
What did the Treaty of Berlin do?
Further Soviet-German agreement
What was the Comintern?
Communist International body
Where was the Comintern set up?
When was the Comintern set up?
Why was the Comintern set up?
To organise worldwide revolution
Who was Grigor Zinoviev?
Chief of the Comintern
When was the Zinoviev letter published?
Who was the Zinoviev letter addressed to?
The British Communist Party
What did the Zinoviev letter encourage British Communist Party members to do?
Infiltrate the Labour Party (under the cover of the Anglo-Soviet treaty) to bring down the British state in an armed insurrection
What was the Anglo-Soviet treaty?
Trade and diplomatic agreement between Britain and The Soviet Union
What were the terms of the Anglo-Soviet treaty?
Britain agreed to advance a £30 million loan to the Soviet Union
In return the Soviet Union would pay compensation for the British financial assets the Bolsheviks had seized after the October Revolution in 1917
Who did Zinoviev claim forged the Zinoviev letter?
The White Russian émigrés
Who were the White Russian émigrés?
Anti-Bolsheviks who fled from Russia during the years following the 1917 October Revolution
Was the Anglo-Soviet Treaty ever ratified?
Why was the Anglo-Soviet Treaty never ratified?
The Labour Party lost the election as the Zinoviev letter was used as ammunition for those who believed relations between Labour and revolutionary Russia were too close for Britain's good
The Conservatives were elected who were unwilling to continue negotiations