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Flashcards in Lenin's Foreign Policy Deck (30):
1

What was Lenins style of approach to foreign policy?

Reaslistic / Pragmatic

2

When was Russia defeated by Poland?

1920

3

What 3 factors influenced Lenins approach to foreign policy?

1) Defeat to Poland 1920
2) Level of foreign intervention in Civil War
3) Failure of Communist revolutions around the world (Germany + Hungary)

4

What 2 countries did Communist revolutions fail in?

Germany
Hungary

5

What did the failure of Communist revolutions in other countries tell Lenin?

The time wasn't right for world revolution

6

Because Capitalist nations were still too strong, what approach did Lenin now have to take?

A 'soft' approach

7

What did a 'soft' approach to foreign affairs mean?

To be diplomatic to international relations

8

When was the Treaty of Rapallo signed?

April 1922

9

Who was the Treaty of Rapallo between?

Russia and Germany

10

Russia and Germany were both classed as what around 1922?

Pariahs

11

Why was the Treaty of Rapallo signed?

A conference in Genoa broke down and Russia and Germany both left

12

What was the Treaty of Rapallo intended to do?

Improve financial dealings among European states

13

What were the terms of the Treaty of Rapallo?

Russia would provide German forces with training grounds and resources

Russia would be granted special trading rights with Germany in return

14

When was the Treaty of Berlin signed?

1926

15

What did the Treaty of Berlin do?

Further Soviet-German agreement

Non-agression pact

16

What was the Comintern?

Communist International body

17

Where was the Comintern set up?

Moscow

18

When was the Comintern set up?

March 1919

19

Why was the Comintern set up?

To organise worldwide revolution

20

Who was Grigor Zinoviev?

Chief of the Comintern

21

When was the Zinoviev letter published?

1924

22

Who was the Zinoviev letter addressed to?

The British Communist Party

23

What did the Zinoviev letter encourage British Communist Party members to do?

Infiltrate the Labour Party (under the cover of the Anglo-Soviet treaty) to bring down the British state in an armed insurrection

24

What was the Anglo-Soviet treaty?

Trade and diplomatic agreement between Britain and The Soviet Union

25

What were the terms of the Anglo-Soviet treaty?

Britain agreed to advance a £30 million loan to the Soviet Union

In return the Soviet Union would pay compensation for the British financial assets the Bolsheviks had seized after the October Revolution in 1917

26

Who did Zinoviev claim forged the Zinoviev letter?

The White Russian émigrés

27

Who were the White Russian émigrés?

Anti-Bolsheviks who fled from Russia during the years following the 1917 October Revolution

28

Was the Anglo-Soviet Treaty ever ratified?

No

29

Why was the Anglo-Soviet Treaty never ratified?

The Labour Party lost the election as the Zinoviev letter was used as ammunition for those who believed relations between Labour and revolutionary Russia were too close for Britain's good

The Conservatives were elected who were unwilling to continue negotiations

30

Which countries intervened in the Russian Civil War?

Britain
France
Japan
USA
Italy
Czech Republic
Finland
Lithuania
Poland
Romania