Lesson 9 B Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson 9 B Deck (40):
1

What are 이 and 가 and when are they used?

이 and 가 are subject marking particles They show what the subject of the sentence is.

2

What is the difference between 이 and 가?

이 is used when a consonant is ending the previous word and 가 is used when there is no final consonant (only vowel).

3

What is the difference between 은 / 는 and 이 / 가?

은 / 는 has the nuance of “about” something, “as for” something, or even “unlike other things” or “different from other things.”
이 / 가 has the nuance of “none other than” “nothing but” and also, when used inside a complex sentence, the role of marking the subject without emphasising it too much.

4

Which particle (이 / 가) can you use with the word 가방?


가방이

5

Which particle (이 / 가) can you use with the word 학교?


학교가

6

이름

A name

7

What

8

뭐예요?

... is what?

9

이름이 뭐예요?

What is your name?

10

학교

A school

11

학교 식당

A school cafeteria

12

어디

Where

(See lesson 18)

13

있다

To be (at a location) / to exist

14

학교 식당이 어디 있어요?

Where is the school cafeteria?

(See lesson 18)

15

어디 있어요?

... is where?

16

싸다

To be cheap / inexpensive

17

그리고

And

18

맛있다

To be delicious

19

A name

이름

20

What

21

학교 식당이 싸요. 그리고 커피가 맛있어요.

The school cafeteria is cheap. And the coffee is delicious.

22

... is what?

뭐예요?

23

What is your name?

이름이 뭐예요?

24

A school

학교

25

Where

어디

(See lesson 18)

26

... is where?

어디 있어요?

27

A school cafeteria

학교 식당

28

To be (at a location) / to exist

(See lesson 18)

있다

29

Where is the school cafeteria?

학교 식당이 어디 있어요?

(See lesson 18)

30

To be cheap / inexpensive

싸다

31

To be delicious

맛있다

32

And

그리고

33

The coffee is delicious.

커피가 맛있어요.

34

The school cafeteria is cheap.

학교 식당이 싸요.

35

좋다

To be good

36

뭐가 좋아요?

What is good?

37

Which one is more commonly used: 은 / 는 or 이 / 가?

이 / 가

The role of 은/는 as a ‘contrast’ factor is much stronger, so, when you form complex sentences, in general, 은/는 is not so commonly used all over the
sentences.
Often times 은/는/이/가 can be dropped, but when you need particles to clarify the meaning, 이/가 will be more commonly used.

38

Person A: ABC 좋아요. = ABC is good.

Person B: ABC 좋아요? XYZ이/가 좋아요!
(You think) ABC is good? (I think) XYZ is good.

How did the 이/가 change the sentence compared to "XYZ 좋아요"?

Person B disagreed and expressed his opinion that
the subject of “being good” should be XYZ, not ABC, by adding the 이/가.

39

To be good

좋다

40

What is good?

뭐가 좋아요?