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Vet Tech Terms > Level 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Level 2 Deck (100):
1

aerobic

lives in the presence of oxygen

2

anaerobic

able to live in the absence of oxygen

3

antibody

a protein generated in the blood in reaction to foreign proteins, which suppresses and destructs microorganisms

4

antigen

a substance that stimulates the production of antibodies

5

antiseptic

capable of destroying microorganisms that cause disease or decay

6

anuria

total suppression of urine formation

7

asepsis

the state of being free of pathogenic organisms

8

ataxia

loss of muscle coordination

9

bactericidal

able to destroy bacteria

10

bacteriostatic

relevant to the study of bacteria

11

bilateral

having two sides

12

biological

relevant to the science of life processes and living organisms

13

biopsy

examination of tissues removed from the body as an aid to medical diagnosis

14

bronchitis

chronic or acute inflammation of the mucous membranes of the bronchial tube

15

calcification

to become stony or chalky by deposition of calcium salts

16

calculus

an abnormal concretion in the body such as a kidney stone

17

capillary

a minute blood vessel that connects arteries and veins

18

carcinoma

a malignant tumor derived from skin, mucous membrane, or other tissue that covers an organ or structure

19

cardiopulmonary

of or relating to the heart and lungs

20

carpus

the wrist

21

catheter

a slender, flexible tube inserted into a bodily duct such as vein, to expand or maintain an opening

22

cecum

the blind pouch that forms the start of the large intestine

23

cervix

the neck-like anatomical structure at the outer end of the uterus

24

chemotherapy

prevention or treatment of disease with chemicals

25

cirrhosis

a chronic, ultimately fatal liver disease usually caused by hepatitis

26

colon

the part of the large intestine extending from the cecum to the rectum

27

contraindication

indicates the inadvisability of certain drugs, etc.

28

dislocation

a displacement from normal position from a socket or joint

29

dysplasia

abnormal development of tissues, organs, or cells

30

eczema

a non-contagious skin inflammation marked by itching and scaly patches

31

embolus

a detached clot or other foreign body blocking a blood vessel

32

epidural

an injection of anesthetic into the epidural space of the spine

33

excision

a surgical cut, or removal by surgery

34

fallopian tube

either of the two slender ducts through which ova pass from the ovaries to the uterus in the female reproductive system

35

flexion

bending of a joint so as to approximate the parts it connects

36

gastroenteritis

inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines

37

geriatrics

the medical study of the physiology and pathology of old age

38

glycosuria

the urinary excretion of carbohydrates

39

hematoma

the rupturing of a blood vessel

40

hemoglobin

a protein in the red blood cells of vertebrates that contains iron and carries oxygen to bodily tissues

41

hernia

protrusion of a body part through the abnormally weakened wall that contains it

42

hypertophy

abnormal overdevelopment of tissue or a bodily organ

43

incision

a surgical cut

44

inhalation

to be drawn in by breathing

45

intranasal

within the nasal cavity

46

intramuscular

within a muscle

47

jejunum

the part of the small intestine between the duodenum and the ileum

48

joint

a point of connection between bones

49

labor

physical or mental exertion involving childbirth

50

lacrimal

of or relating to tears or the tear producing glands

51

laparatomy

incision into the abdomen

52

laryngospasm

spasmodic closure of the glottis (which is opening at upper part of the larynx, between the vocal cords)

53

larynx

the upper portion of the respiratory tract between the pharynx and the trachea that contains the vocal cords

54

lavage

a washing out of a hollow bodily organ

55

ligament

a band of tough, fibrous tissue joining bones or cartilage or holding a body organ in place

56

lingual

relating to the tongue or any tongue-like part

57

lumbar

of or situated in the part of the back and sides between the lowest ribs and the pelvis

58

luxation

a dislocation

59

lymph

a clear, watery liquid that contains chiefly white blood cells and some red blood cells and circulates through the system to bathe the tissues, carries fat from the intestines, and supplies lymphocytes to the blood

60

malignant

exhibits abnormal growth that tends to spread

61

malocclusion

failure of the upper and lower teeth to meet properly

62

mammary

of or relating to milk organ in female mammals that consists of cluster of small cavities with ducts terminating in a nipple

63

microorganism

an organism, as a bacterium or a protozoan, too small to be seen without the aid of a microscope

64

molar

a tooth located behind the bicuspids that has a broad surface for grinding food

65

mucus

the viscous liquid secreted as a protective coating by glands in the mucous membrane

66

myocardial

of or relating to the muscular tissue of the heart

67

nares

the nostrils

68

necropsy

examination of a body after death to determine the cause of death

69

necrosis

pathologic death of living animal tissue

70

neoplasia

the presence of a tumor

71

nephritis

inflammation of the kidneys

72

neural

of or relating to a nerve or the nervous system

73

obstetrics

the branch of medicine concerned with the care of female animals during and after pregnancy

74

ocular

of or relating to the eye

75

ointment

a viscous substance used on the sin as an emollient or medicament

76

oral

of or relating to the mouth

77

orchitis

inflammation of the testes

78

otic

of or relating to the ears

79

otoscope

an instrument used to examine the ear canal

80

ovulation

the production and discharge of ova

81

pancreas

a long, irregularly shaped gland lying behind the stomach that secretes digestive enzymes and produces insulin

82

patella

a flat, triangular bone that forms the front of the knee joint

83

pathology

the scientific and medical study of the nature of disease

84

periodontium

the connective tissue attaching the tooth to the alveolar bone

85

peritoneum

the membrane that lines the walls of the abdominal cavity and encloses the viscera

86

pharynx

the cavity connecting the nasal passages and mouth with the esophagus

87

pleura

either of two membranous sacs lining the thoracic cavity and enveloping the lungs

88

pneumonia

an acute or chronic inflammatory disease of the lungs caused by viruses, bacteria, chemicals or irritation

89

polyuria

excessive secretion of urine

90

prognosis

a prediction of the course and outcome of a disease

91

pyuria

the presence of puss in the urine

92

rhinitis

inflammation of the nasal mucous membranes

93

septicemia

a condition in which disease-causing microorganisms or their toxins are present in the bloodstream

94

spay

to remove the ovaries of a female animal

95

tachycardia

excessively rapid heartbeat

96

tetanus

an often fatal bacterial disease marked by muscular spasms and rigidity of jaw

97

ureter

either of the ducts that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder

98

vagina

the passage leading from the uterus to the vulva in female mammals

99

vein

a vessel that transports blood toward the heart

100

virus

any of various submicroscopic pathogens consisting of essentially a particle of nucleic acid enclosed in protein and able to replicate only within a living cell