Lid and lid disorder terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lid and lid disorder terms Deck (20):
1

Pterygium

A non-cancerous growth that starts on the conjunctiva
This condition CAN move onto the cornea

2

Pinguecula

Often confused with Pterygium
Appears as a yellowish growth of the scleral conjunctiva and is usually adjacent to the limbus
As it is confined to the conjunctiva, this will NOT encroach onto the cornea

3

Capillary Hemangioma

Most common presentation is as superficial tumor that develops “strawberry” appearance

4

Lacrimal gland tumors

Enlargement of lacrimal fossa with displacement of globe and no inflammatory signs

5

Malignant Eyelid Tumors
6

Basal cell carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinoma
Meibomian gland carcinoma
Melanoma
Karposi sarcoma
Merkel cell carcinoma

6

Topical Anesthetic Drugs

Proparacaine (Alcaine)
Oxybuprocaine AKA Benoxinate (Novesin, Novesine)
Tetracaine (Altacaine, Tetcaine, TetraVisc)

7

Most commonly used topical anesthetic?
Why?

Proparacaine is the most commonly used as it has less stinging/burning associated with instillation of drops

8

What is Flurox?

Benoxinate comes in combo with fluorescein

9

What is the defining characteristic of herpes in the eye?

dedritic lesions

10

Side effects of topical anesthetics?
4

Stinging, irritation
Hypersensitivity reaction
Prolonged use may retard wound healing.
Must protect the eye from irritants until it wears off

11

Contraindications for topical anesthetics?
5

1. any hypersensitivity to anesthetics,
2. liver disease,
3. taking anticholiesterases*,
4. dry eye,
5. perforating eye injury

12

Cycloplegics drugs?
5

Atropine (Isopto Atropine)
Scopolamine (Isopto Hyoscine)
Homatropine
Cyclopentolate (Cyclogyl)
Mydriacyl (Tropicamide)

13

Contraindications for cycloplegics:
2

Angle closure glaucoma
People with narrow angles

14

Side effects of cycloplegics:
5

Blurred vision
Burning or stinging
Eye irritation
Increased sensitivity of eyes to light
Swelling of the eyelids

15

MOA of decongestants?
3

Cause pupil dilation
Increase in outflow of aqueous humor
Vasoconstriction

16

Decongestant drugs?
2

Naphazoline/Pheniramine maleate (Visine A, Naphcon-A, Opcon-A, etc.)
Naphazoline hydrochloride (Murine)

17

Topical antihistamines with mast cell stabilizing properties prescriptions: 3

Olopatadine (Patanol, Pataday)
Bepotastine (Bepreve)
Alcaftadine (Lastacraft)

18

Topical antihistamines with mast cell stabilizing properties
OTC: 4

Azelastine (Optivar)
Epinastine (Elestat)
Pemirolast (Alamast
Ketotifen

19

Antibiotics for the eye?
5

Sulfonamides
Fluoroquinolones
Aminoglycosides
Macrolides
Polypeptides

20

Fluoroquinolone medications?
5

1. Ciprofloxacin (Ciloxan)
Solution or ointment
2. Ofloxacin (Ocuflox)
Solution
3. Levofloxacin (Quixin)
Solution
(not FDA approved for kids)
4. Gatifloxacin (Zymar)
Solution
5. Moxifloxacin (Vigamox)
Solution