Life of Christ - New People and New Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Life of Christ - New People and New Terms Deck (14):
1

The Priests

Used twelve times in the New Testament, High priest or chief priests 84 times. When God ordained the priest in the OT it was strictly religious, after Babylonian captivity the priests have civil authority.

2

The Levites

Only twice in the Gospels, John 1:19, Luke 10:32

3

The Scribes

Students, interpreters and teachers of the OT. Memorized the Pentateuch - their goal. Very traditional, very opposed to Christ, also known as lawyers

4

The rulers

Various officials:
A) Governor of the feast (John 2:8-9)
B)Member of the Sanhedrin (John 3:1)
C) Chief Ruler (John 12:42)
D) Magistrate (Luke 12:58)

5

Pharisees

Separated, hard core conservatives, orthodox, barren of life, guardians of the written law.

6

Sadduccees

High society political party of the Jews, liberal or modernist in religious matters, rivals of the Pharisees
They:
A) Denied the existence of spirits
B) Denied the resurrection
C) Denied immortality of the soul

7

Herodians

From Herod, authority from the Roman govt, from king, opposed to any political change

8

Galilean

From northern Palestine, political fanatics, against any foreign domination

9

Samaritan’s

Mixed race, Assyrians and Jews married. Feared the Lord bu worshipped their own idols/ gods. 535 B.C. - the second temple being built they offered their help but were turned down, thus were hurt and sided against the Jews since then

10

Diaspora

Three references - John7:35, James 1:1, Peter 1:1 - this refers to those who are scattered or displaced (Jews)

11

Proselytes

Anyone who changed to Judaism, now its anyone who changes religions

12

Synagogues

Not in the OT, a synagogue is a local place of assembly, don’t have to go back to the main temple, started in Babylon, the beginning of the local assembly principal.

13

Septuagint

The accepted OT translation used by many; God committed preservation of the Bible to the Jews, preserved. No definitive complete manuscript of any pre-Christian manuscript. Apocrypha never quoted in the NT, not inspired

14

Sanhedrin

The council, the idea behind it is like our modern day local courts to Supreme Court, three groups of members:
A) Chief priest
B) Scribes and Lawyers
C)The elders.
70-72 members on the board.