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Flashcards in Lifespan Deck (42):
1

All of the following concepts are presented to children during Piaget's Concrete Operational Stage EXCEPT:

A) Decentration
B) Concentration
C) Conservation
D) Reversibility

B) Concentration

2

Piaget's developmental stages are as follows, what is the correct order of their range of applicability in terms of age ranges?
1. Concrete Operational
2. Sensorimotor
3. Pre-Operational
4. Formal Operational

2, 3, 1, 4

3

According to Bronfenrenner's ecological model, the meosystem describes what?

Interconnections among elements of the microsystem

4

Which of the following describes Mary Ainsworth's disorganized attachment style?
A) Child is dazed, confused and apprehensive. Mother is inconsistent
B) Child is uninterested in the environment. Mother is impatient
C) Child is exploratory. Mother is emotional sensitive
D) Child is dazed, confused and apprehensive. Mother is emotionally or physically harmful

D) Child is dazed, confused and apprehensive. Mother is emotionally or physically harmful

5

Children receiving support from parents, teachers and more experienced others, describes what developmental concept?

A) Piaget's prerequisites for cognitive development
B) Bronfrenbrenner's butterfly theory
C) Gilligan's definition of what fosters healthy identity development in early adolescence for girls
D) Vgotsky's definition of scaffolding

D) Vgotsky's definition of scaffolding

6

The notion that development is best described in terms of a series of abrupt shifts in behavior best fits with the ______ approach?
A) Nurture
B) Continuity
C) Nature
D) Discontinuity

D) Discontinuity

7

Who is best associated with psychosocial theory?
A) Bandura
B) Erikson
C) Watson
D) Freud

B) Erikson

8

When would Erikson say is the stage in life where the biggest challenge involves committing to another in a loving relationship?
A) Old adulthood
B) Childhood
C) Adolescence
D) Young adulthood

D) Young adulthood

9

In operant conditioning theory, reinforcement is punishment as:
A) Increasing is to decreasing
B) Unwanted is to wanted
C) Good is to bad
D) giving is to taking

A) Increasing is to decreasing

10

Whose theory of development is is best exemplified by the idea that children construct their own knowledge and this constructed knowledge changes with age/experience?
a) Bronfenbrenner
b) Skinner
c) Piaget
d) Erikson

c) Piaget

11

According to ecological theory, developmentalists, the people closest to a developing child, represent their
a) Microsystem
b) Macrosystem
c) Ecosystem
d) Endosystem

a) Microsystem

12

Carrie is most interested in studying adolescent behavior occurring at a high school prom. Which is most likely to help her accomplish this goal?
a) Experiment
b) Self report
c) Structured observation
d) Naturalistic observation

d) Naturalistic observation

13

The epigenetic principle is a component of psychosocial theory
True/False

True

14

Vygotsky emphasized the role of cultural context on human development
T/F

True

15

Compensation cannot involve the learning of a new skill
T/F

False

16

In an experiment, the dependent variable is manipulated
T/F

False

17

A sperm cell contains a total of 22
a) Sex cells
b) Genes
c) Chromosomes
d) Autosomes

d) Autosomes

18

Genes provides the cell with a specific set of _________ instructions
a) Biochemical
b) In vitro
c) Hormonal
d) Bioelectric

a) Biochemical

19

Trisomy 21 (three 21 chromosomes) best describes
a) Huntington's disease
b) PKU
c) Down Syndrome
d) Sickle-cell trait

c) Down Syndrome

20

The concept of range of relations involve the fact that
a) Each genotype can produce a variety of phenotypes
b) Recessive genes are more commonly expressed than dominant genes
c) Dizygotic twins are virtually genetically identical
d) The environment has little impact on behavior

a) Each genotype can produce a variety of phenotypes

21

Individuals with sickle-cell trait must carry both recessive alleles in order to display symptoms
T/F

False

22

The correct order of prenatal development is zygote to embryo to fetus
T/F

True

23

Pregnant women who fail to consume enough vitamin A are at risk for giving birth to a baby with spina bifida
T/F

False

24

Common symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome include facial deformities, deafness, and mental retardation
T/F

True

25

A physician has just informed pregnant Moesha that the human organism developing inside her has just begun to show differentiation of its cells. As a knowledgable student, you would know that such an organism is technically called a(n)
a) Zygote
b) Neonate
c) Embryo
d) Fetus

a) Zygote

26

Winchester notices that every time he touches his newborn son's cheek, the infant turns his head and appears to try and suck, This behavior exemplifies a ______ reflex.
a) Babinski
c) Moro
c) Rooting
d) Withdrawal

c) Rooting

27

What are African American babies twice as likely to die from SIDS?

They were more likely to be put to bed on their stomachs

28

Malnutrition seems to be most damaging if it occurs during
a) Adolescence
b) Childhood
c) Adulthood
d) Infancy

d) Infancy

29

Reflexes are learned responses
T/F

False

30

To locomote is to
a) Perceive
b) Emote
c) Think
d) Move

d) Move

31

REM sleep becomes significantly more common between birth and age 2 years
T/F

False

32

A child with high effortful control is able to maintain focus and is less distractible
T/F

True

33

Which innate preference is used to help researchers assess infants' visual abilities?
a) A preference for stationary objects over moving objects
b) A preference for striped objects over plain objects
c) A preference for angled objects over round objects
d) A preference for colored objects over blank and white objects

b) A preference for striped objects over plain objects

34

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) tracks blood flow in the brain
T/F

True

35

According to dynamics systems theory, once motor skills are originally organized they do not change.
T/F

False

36

The fact that 6-moth olds will look for long periods of time at toys they previously had only been able to touch suggests that infants
a) Demonstrate the use of retinal disparity
b) Demonstrate visual acuity
c) Cannot integrate tactile sensations as readily as auditory
d) Are able to integrate visual and tactile information

d) Are able to integrate visual and tactile information

37

Dr. Eco has a strong belief that global warning is a theoretical myth. In recent years, however, the increased rate of polar ice cap melt has forced him to alter his theory, and he is now a strong advocate against greenhouse pollutants. A Piagetian would most likely describe Dr. Eco's theoretical conversion in terms of
a) Equilibration
b) the one-to-one principle
c) Overextension
b) Abstract thinking

a) Equilibration

38

When Andy bumps into a table, he says to it, "you bumped into me because you're mean." Andy is exhibiting
a) The cardinality principle
b) Irreversibility
c) Animism
d) Egocentrism

c) Animism

39

Seven-month-old LeBron appears to possess a sense of "naive physics." Which of LeBron's actions would indicate that he does possess this sense?
a) His surprise when he drops a ball and it falls to the floor
b) His surprise when he hears his dad cheering while watching a basketball game on television
c) His surprise when a basketball appears to be hanging in mid air when it is not attached to a string or other supporting device
d) his surprise when he sees a basketball go through a hoop

c) His surprise when a basketball appears to be hanging in mid air when it is not attached to a string or other supporting device

40

Which statement best exemplifies the concept of essentialism?
a) "If your parent says "no" then you should not do it."
b) "The purpose of popcorn is to make kids happy when they are at the movies."
c) "A monkey raised by people will become a human."
d) "Fish have a special "fishness" that allow them to breathe underwater."

d) "Fish have a special "fishness" that allow them to breathe underwater."

41

When asked to count the 4 beer bottles placed in front of him, 3-year old Bud says, "1, 3, 4, there are 4!" When asked to count the bottles a second time, he says, "2, 5, 7, 4, there are 4!" Bud's counting skills demonstrate that he is capable of demonstrating the ________ principle of counting.
a) One-to-one
b) Cardinality
c) Organization
d) Stable-order

b) Cardinality

42

When six-month old Gabby says "tahtahtah" she is
a) Cooing
b) Engaging in private speech
c) Using telegraphic speech
d) Babbling

d) Babbling