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Flashcards in Lifestyle & Career Development Deck (31):
1

Melinda is the vice president of a multimillion-dollar brokerage firm. She has now chosen to leave the company to work at a small food pantry near her home. This illustrates the:
a) trend known as opting out
b) notion of the glass ceiling
c) trend of underemployment we see in this country
d) notion of the silicon ceiling we see in this country

a) trend known as opting out

2

John Krumboltz:
a) used primarily REBT created by Albert Ellis to help explain career choice
b) advocates a humanistic approach to help explain a career choice
c) draws on behavioristic principles to help explain career choice
d) relied on psychodynamic notions to help explain career choice

c) draws on behavioristic principles to help explain career choice

3

Diana's supervisor allows her to do her job as she wishes. She hardly ever sees him and he rarely interacts with her. It is safe to say that he is:
a) operating out of a laissez-faire leadership style
b) a totally desirable democratic leadership style
c) an authoritarian or autocratic leadership style
d) an incompetent supervisor and he ought to be replaced.

a) operating out of a laissez-faire leadership style

4

According to sex wage discrimination statics:
a) women actually earn almost the identical salary that a man would make for the same job
b) women make a lot less for entry level jobs, but then catch up to men at the higher level positions
c) women make about 50 cents on the dollar when compared to men
d) women make about 70 to 75 cents on the dollar when compared to men, however, this figure seems to be lower if you look at salaries of entry level jobs secured by younger men and women

d) women make about 70 to 75 cents on the dollar when compared to men, however, this figure seems to be lower if you look at salaries of entry level jobs secured by younger men and women

5

John Holland's theory posits six personal styles plotted on a hexagon. These are really personality styles. Pick the choice that is not one of the six:
a) athletic
b) realistic
c) enterprising
d) conventional

a) athletic

6

A dual-career family (or dual-worker couple) is one in which both partners have jobs to which they are committed on a somewhat continuous basis. Which statement is true of dual-career families?
a) surprisingly enough, dual-career families have lower incomes than families in which only one partner works
b) dual-career families have higher incomes than the so-called traditional family in which only one partner is working.
c) dual- career family have incomes which are almost identical to families one partner working
d) surprisingly enough, no research has been conducted on dual-career families

b) dual-career families have higher incomes than the so-called traditional family in which only one partner is working.

7

In terms of leisure time and dual-career families:
a) dual-career families have more leisure time
b) dual-career families have the same amount of leisure times as families with one wage earner
c) dual-career families have less leisure time
d) dual-career families have more weekend leisure time

c) dual-career families have less leisure time

8

The trait-and-factor career counseling, actuarial, or matching approach (which matches clients with a job) is associated with:
a) Parsons and Williamson
b) Roe and Brill
c) Holland and Super
d) Tiedeman and Ohara

a) Parsons and Williamson

9

Edmund Griffith Williamson's work (or the so-called Minnesota Viewpoint) purports to be scientific and didactic, utilizing test data from instruments such as the :
a) Rorschach and the TAT
b) Binet and the Wechsler
c) BDI and the MMPI
d) Minnesota Occupational Rating Scales

d) Minnesota Occupational Rating Scales

10

Roe spoke of the three basic parenting styles: overprotective, avoidant, or acceptant. The results is that the child:
a) experiences neurosis or psychosis
b) will eventually have a lot of jobs or a lack of employment
c) will develop a personality which gravitates (i.e. moves) toward people or away from people
d) will suffer from depression in the work setting or will be highly motivated to succeed

c) will develop a personality which gravitates (i.e. moves) toward people or away from people

11

In terms of genetics, Roe's theory would assert that:
a) genetics play a very minor role in career choice
b) genetics help to determine intelligence and education, and hence this influences one's career choice
c) genetics are important while upbringing is not
d) genetics are important while the unconscious is not

b) genetics help to determine intelligence and education, and hence this influences one's career choice

12

Another career theorist who drew upon psychoanalytic doctrines was A. A. Brill. Brill emphasized as an ago-defense mechanism:
a) subliminal
b) sublimation
c) repression
d) rationalization

b) sublimation

13

Today, the most popular approach to career choice reflects:
a) the work of Anne Roe
b) the work of Donald Super
c) the work of John Holland
d) the work of Jane Loevinger

c) the work of John Holland

14

Most experts in the field of career counseling would classify Roe, Brill, and Holland as __________ theorists:
a) behavior modification
b) ego psychologists
c) experiential
d) personality

d) personality

15

John Holland did indeed believe in career stereotypes. In other words, the person psychologically defines himself or herself via a given job. Thus, a book-keeper or a clerical worker would primarily fit into the category:
a) artistic
b) conventional
c) realistic
d) social

b) conventional

16

The most popular developmental career theorist is Donald Super, who emphasizes:
a) id impulses
b) the critical parent
c) the self-concept
d) ego strength

c) the self-concept

17

The decision-making theory, which refers to periods of anticipation and implementation/adjustment, was proposed by:
a) Crites
b) Holland
c) Tiedeman and Ohara
d) Super

c) Tiedeman and Ohara

18

A fairly recent model to explain career development is the decision approach. The Gelatt Decision Model, created by Harry B. Gelatt, refers to information as "the fuel of the decision." The Gellat Model asserts that information can be organized into three systems:
a) predictive, value, and decision
b) internal, external, and in between
c) predictive, external, and internal
d) internal and external

a) predictive, value, and decision

19

In the Dictionary of Occupational Titles each job was given a __________ digit code:
a) nine
b) eight
c) six
d) five

a) nine

20

The Dictionary of Occupational Titles was first published by the Department of Labor in 1939. The first three digits in a DOT code referred to:
a) an occupational group
b) career options
c) OOH data
d) the transfer of skills

a) an occupational group

21

You are working as a counselor for a major university. A student wants detailed statistics about the average wagers in her state. The best resource would be:
a) Richard N. Bolles's book What Color Is Your Parachute?
b) The Bureau of Labor Statistics website
c) any professional journal related to career counseling is inundated with articles of this nature
d) DISCOVER and the System of Interactive Guidance and Information known as Sigi Plus

b) The Bureau of Labor Statistics website

22

The Guide of Occupational Exploration (GOE) was published by the US Department of Labor. The guide lists groups of jobs listed in:
a) 14 interest areas
b) 6 interest areas
c) 3 interest areas
d) 175 interest areas

a) 14 interest areas

23

Self-efficacy theory is based on the work of:
a) Roe
b) Holland
c) H. B. Gelatt
d) Albert Bandura

d) Albert Bandura

24

A male client who hates his job is trying desperately to be the perfect father, husband, and family man. This phenomenon is best described as:
a) the recency effect
b) the leniency/strictness bias
c) the compensatory effect
d) spillover

c) the compensatory effect

25

Lifestyle includes:
a) work
b) leisure
c) style of living
d) all of the above

d) all of the above

26

As you walk into a professional seminar on career counseling you note that the instructor is drawing a hexagon on the blackboard. The instructor is most likely discussing:
a) David Tiedeman
b) John Holland
c) Anne Roe
d) John Crites

b) John Holland

27

According to the concept of occupational sex segregation:
a) most women hold high paying executive jobs
b) most women hold low paying jobs with low status
c) most women hold jobs which require a college degree
d) men still make considerably less than women

b) most women hold low paying jobs with low status

28

A displaced homemaker might have grown children or:
a) be windowed and seeking employment
b) be divorces and seeking employment
c) a and b
d) none of the above

c) a and b

29

In terms of the labor market:
a) music is very effective in terms of increasing the workers' output
b) the number of employees employers want to hire goes down as salary goes up
c) the number of employees willing to work for you goes up as the salary increases
d) b and c

d) b and c

30

SIGI Plus is:
a) an achievement test
b) a personality test used in career counseling
c) a computer career program known as the System of Interactive Guidance and Information that allows students to conduct a self-assessment and explore career options
d) a computerized projective test for career counseling

c) a computer career program known as the System of Interactive Guidance and Information that allows students to conduct a self-assessment and explore career options

31

Which counselor would most likely say that we choose a job to meet our needs?
a) Albert Ellis
b) John O. Crites
c) John Krumboltz
d) Robert Hoppock

d) Robert Hoppock