Group Work Flashcards Preview

NCE Study > Group Work > Flashcards

Flashcards in Group Work Deck (26):
1

You are the leader of a counseling group which is meeting for the first session. You decide to institute an exercise where one group member will introduce another. The best technique would be:

a) pairing
b) modeling
c) drawing out
d) blocking

a) pairing

2

Group leadership is often classified by 3 major leadership styles:

a) the authoritarian or Theory X group leadership, democratic Theory Y group leadership, and laissez-faire or Theory Z group leadership.

b) the authoritarian or Theory Z, laissez-faire or Theory X group leadership, or democratic Theory XY.

c) the authoritarian or Theory XY leadership, laissez-faire or Theory ZYX leadership, or democratic Theory XYZ leadership.

d) the authoritarian or Theory XYZ group leadership, democratic or Theory Y group leadership, and laissez-faire or Theory ZX leadership.

a) the authoritarian or Theory X group leadership, democratic Theory Y group leadership, and laissez-faire or Theory Z group leadership.

3

You are working with mandated ex-offenders who do not want to be in your group and frankly are a bit out of control. As a group leader who practices REBT you will most likely be:
a) Theory Z leader.
b) Theory Y leader
c) Theory X leader
d) a laissez-faire leader

c) Theory X leader

4

Imagine that Carl Rogers is still alive today. You hire him to run a therapy group at your agency. The chances are his leadership style would best fit into the _____ category:
a) Y Theory
b) X Theory
c) Z Theory
d) laissez-faire

a) Y Theory

5

The term group therapy was coined in 1931 by:

a) Frank Parsons, the father of guidance
b) Jacob Moreno, the father of psychodrama
c) E. G. Williamson, associated with the Minnesota Viewpoint.
d) Fritz Perls, the father of gestalt therapy.

b) Jacob Moreno, the father of psychodrama

6

Which theorist's work has been classified as a preface to the group movement?
a) Freud
b) Jung
c) Jessie B. Davis
d) Adler

d) Adler

7

Group norms:
a) exist only in encounter groups
b) exist only in career counseling groups
c) are not related to group cohesiveness
d) govern acceptable behavior and group rules

d) govern acceptable behavior and group rules

8

"Group content" refers to material discussed in a group setting. "Group process" refers to:

a) analysis of the unconscious.
b) analysis of the ego.
c) the T-group paradigm.
d) the manner in which discussions and transactions occur.

d) the manner in which discussions and transactions occur.

9

According to the risky shift phenomenon, a group decision will:
a) be less conservative than the average group member's decision, prior to the group discussion.
b) be more conservative than the average group member's decision, prior to the group discussion.
c) often be aggressive or illegal.
d) violate the group's confidentiality norms.

a) be less conservative than the average group member's decision, prior to the group discussion.

10

A counselor is conducting a screening for clients who wish to participate in a counseling group that will meet Tuesday nights at his private practice office. Which client would most likely be the poorest choice for a group member?
a) a shy librarian
b) an anxious salesman with no group experience
c) an extremely hostile and belligerent construction worker
d) a student with 16 hours toward her M. Ed in counseling

c) an extremely hostile and belligerent construction worker

11

Groups can be open or closed. The two differ in that:
a) open groups are limited to hospital settings
b) in an open group members can socialize between group meetings
c) closed groups always employ co-leaders
d) closed groups allow no new members after the group begins

d) closed groups allow no new members after the group begins

12

A group setting has a flexible seating arrangement in which clients are free to sit wherever they wish. In this setting it is likely that:
a) an African american clients and a Caucasian leader would sit close together
b) a Hispanic client and an African american leader would sit close together
c) an Asian american client and an African american leader would sit close together
d) an Asian american leader and an Asian american client would sit close together

d) an Asian american leader and an Asian american client would sit close together

13

A group setting has a flexible seating arrangement in which clients are free to sit wherever they wish. In this setting it is likely that:
a) a male leader in a designer suit and a female client in cutoff jeans will sit close together
b) a Latino male leader in a designer suit and an Asian male client in another brand of designer suit will sit close together
c) a Caucasian female leader in a designer outfit and a Caucasian male client in a pair of old jeans and an undershirt will sit close together
d) a male leader in a designer suit and a female client in a jogging suit and old tennis shoes with holes in them will sit close together

b) a Latino male leader in a designer suit and an Asian male client in another brand of designer suit will sit close together

14

Groups promote the concept of universality, which suggests that:
a) we are unique and so are our problems
b) there is a universal way to solve nearly any difficulty
c) a and b
d) we are not the only ones in the world with a given problem

d) we are not the only ones in the world with a given problem

15

When comparing the autocratic, democratic, and laissez-faire styles:
a) the autocratic is the most desirable
b) the laissez faire is the most desirable
c) the democratic is the most desirable
d) there is no discernible difference in effectiveness

c) the democratic is the most desirable

16

In terms of group risks:
a) an ethical leader will discuss them during the initial session with a client
b) an ethical leader should never discuss risks with a client
c) research has demonstrated that the less said about them the better the group will interact
d) an ethical leader allows the group to discover risks and work through them at the own pace

a) an ethical leader will discuss them during the initial session with a client

17

A group participant wants to drop out of a group. Since the group is "closed" ASGW ethics state that:
a) the leader must insist that the client stay
b) the client must be allowed to withdraw
c) the leader should allow other members to put pressure on the participant to stay
d) a and c

b) the client must be allowed to withdraw

18

The word dynamic means the group is:
a) normal
b) always changing
c) static
d) defined in an operational manner

b) always changing

19

Group members assume roles within a group. Which of the following is not a group role?
a) energizer
b) scapegoat
c) gatekeeper
d) reactive schizophrenia

d) reactive schizophrenia

20

In a group, task roles:
a) help solve problems
b) aid in terms of goal setting and keep the group focused
c) are seen as positive
d) all of the above

d) all of the above

21

Maintenance roles, like task roles, are positive since such roles:
a) help to maintain the group
b) are self-serving
c) help promote autocratic leadership
d) always stress the importance of the here and now

a) help to maintain the group

22

Group specialist define "role conflict" as:
a) tension between 2 group members who have assumed different roles
b) a situation in which there is a discrepancy between the way a member is expected to behave and the way he or she actually behaves
c) tension between the group leader and a group member
d) members criticizing other members between group sessions

b) a situation in which there is a discrepancy between the way a member is expected to behave and the way he or she actually behaves

23

The initial group stage has been called forming, orientation, or the pre-affiliation stage. This stage is characterized by:
a) avoidance-avoidance conflicts
b) a tendency for members to compete with the leader for power
c) approach-avoidance behavior
d) members working on the interpretation of unconscious behavior

c) approach-avoidance behavior

24

The final group stage (also called the termination stage) is geared toward:
a) developing intimacy
b) working through power and control issues
c) exploration
d) breaking away

d) breaking away

25

A leader who wishes to stop inappropriate discussion should rely on:
a) summarization
b) clarification
c) blocking
d) liking

c) blocking

26

A major advantage of group work versus individual work is that:
a) members learn to give help in addition to receiving it and group sessions generally cost less (i.e, they are more economical) than individual counseling sessions
b) the leader has a less complex role than that of an individual counselor
c) the group leader nearly always possesses more training than an individual counselor
d) all of the above

a) members learn to give help in addition to receiving it and group sessions generally cost less (i.e, they are more economical) than individual counseling sessions