List 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in List 5 Deck (47):
1

artifact (n)

object made by human beings, either hand-made or mass-produced
Ex: Archaeologists debated the significance of the artifacts discovered in the ruins of Asia Minor but came to no conclusion about the culture they represented

2

artifice (n)

deception, trickery (muu ke)
ex: The Trojan War proved to the Greeks that cunning and artifice were often more effective than military might

3

artisan (n)

tho thu cong

4

artless (n)

chat phac
ex: Sophisticated and cynical, Jack could not believe Jill was as artless and naive as she appeared to be

5

ascendancy (n)

quyen the, the luc
Ex: Leaders of religious cults maintain ascendancy over their followers by methods that can verge on brain-washing

6

ascertain (v)

ex: please ascertain her present address

7

ascetic (a)

austere (kho tu, kho hanh)

8

asinine (a)

stupid

9

aspire (v)

long for

10

assail (v)

assault
ex: He was assailed with questions after his lecture

11

assent (v)

agree, accept
ex: It gives me great pleasure to assent to your request

12

assert (v)

1. xac nhan, khang dinh, qua quyet
2. assert oneself: tu khang dinh ban than

13

assessment (n)

evaluation; judgement

14

assiduous (a)
-> assiduity (n)

diligent
ex: He was assiduous, working at this task for weeks before he felt satisfied with his results

15

assimilate (v)

absorb; to become homogeneous
ex: The manner in which the US was able to assimilate the hordes of immigrants during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries will always be a source of pride to Americans. The immigrants eagerly assimilated new ideas and customs; they soaked them up, the way plants soak up water

16

assuage (v)

1. ease or lessen (pain)
2. satisfy (hunger)
3. soothe (anger)
ex: Jilted by Jane, Dick tried to assuage his heartache hy indulging in ice cream. One gallon later, he had assuaged his appetite but not his grief

17

assumption (n)
-> assume (v)

1. tien de
2. su cuong chiem
ex: The young princess made the foolish assumption that the regent would not object to her assumption of power

18

assurance (n)
-> assure (v)

1. promise or plege
2. certainty; self-confidence
ex: When Guthrie gave Guinness his assurance that rehearsals were going well, he spoke with such assurance that Guinness felt relieved

19

astronomical (a)

enormously large or extensive

20

astute (a)

wise, shrewd, keen

21

asylum (n)

cho tru an

22

asymmetric (a)

khong can doi

23

atheistic (a)

khong tin vao chua

24

atlas (n)

tap ban do

25

atone (v)

chuoc toi
ex: He knew no way in which he could atone for his brutal crime

26

atrocity (n)

brutal deed (hanh dong)
ex: In time of war, many atrocities are committed by invading armies. (su tan bao)

27

atrophy (n), (v)

hao mon
ex: After 3 months in a cast, your calf muscles are bound to atrophy; you'll need physical theraphy to get back in shape

28

attain (v)

accomplish, gain

29

attentive (a)

1. alert and watchful (chu y)
2. considerate, thoughtful (niem no)

30

attenuate (v)

1. make thin; weaken
ex: By withdrawing their forces, the generals hoped to attenuate the enemy lines.

31

attest (v)

testify, bear witness
ex: Having served as a member of the Grand Jury, I can attest that our system of indicting individuals is in need of improvement (chung minh, tuyen the)

32

attribute (n)
(v) (to sth)

-dac tinh
- do cho

33

attrition (n)

sự tiêu hao

34

atypical (a)

not normal

35

audacious (a)

daring, bold (gan, tao bao, tro trao, mat day)

36

audit (v)

su ktra so sach, kiem toan

37

auditory (a)

thuoc su nghe, thinh giac

38

augment (v)

add to; increase

39

august (a)

impressive; majestic (oai nghiem)
ex: Visiting the palace at Versailles, she was impressed by the august surroundings in which she found herself

40

auspicious (a)

co trien vong
ex: With favorable weather conditions, it was an auspicious moment to set sail. Thomas, however, had doubts about sailing: a paranoid, he became suspicious whenever conditions seemed auspicious

41

austere (a)

ascetic

42

authenticate (v)

xac nhan la dung
ex: After a thorough chemical analysis of the pigments and canvas, the experts were prepared to authenticate the painting as an original Rembrandt

43

authoritative (a)

có thẩm quyền, có quyền thế

44

autocratic (a)

chuyen quyen, doc doan

45

au'tomaton (n)

nguoi may

46

autonomous (a)

self-governing (tu tri)

47

au'xiliary (a), (n)

helper, additional or subsidiary (phu, bo tro)
ex: To prepare for the emergency, they built an auxiliary power station