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Flashcards in Literary Context Deck (14):
1

Transcendentalism

1840-1860

2

Realism/naturalism/regionalism/

1855-1900

3

Modernism

1900-1950

4

Harlem renaissance

1920's

5

Transcendentalism beliefs

Manual labour dignity
Advanced confidence
Individuality is valued
Self reliance

6

Transcendentalism in The Great Gatsby
&
The Grapes of Wrath

Nature - nick moves towards this at the end
Gatsbys life is the opposite to this
However he shows individualism and is a hard worker
Materialism kills him and myrtle

Recognition of Manual labour
Casey preacher - god - changes to become less centralised by this
Living away from society in natural places

7

Realism/naturalism themes

Depicts the social realities and the lives of everyday society
"The faithful representation of reality"

Naturalism is an extreme form of realism

8

Regionalism characteristics

Setting: remote, integral to story
Narrator: typically an educated observer who learns something from the characters while keeping a distant but sympathetic view towards them
Plots: 'nothing happens' prove a point. Revolves around the community

9

Regionalism themes

Thematic conflict between urban ways and old fashioned values often symbolised by the intrusion of an outsider who seeks something from the community

10

Abolitionist movement (1830's)

Social pressure group, whose organisation was in the North, intending on abolishing slavery.

11

Modernist movement outlined

'unreliable' narrator - readers forced to question even the most basic assumptions about a novel.
A whole new perspective came into being, known as 'the stream of consciousness' - the inner thoughts in somebodies head.

12

What did modernist writers want?

a break from tradition - literature turned non traditional and less admirable

13

What happened during the Harlem Renaissance?

a cultural, social and artistic explosion that took place during the 1920's in Harlem, NY. Economic opportunities triggered a widespread migration of blacks into NY. Here blacks explored new opportunities for social freedom.

14

What reform movement hit America in the late 19th Century?

Women's suffragette movement (women's campaign for vote)