Localisation of function in the brain Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Localisation of function in the brain Deck (13):
1

What is the corpus callosum?

A bundle of nerve fibres that allows the two hemispheres to communicate

2

What is hemispheric lateralisation?

The division of functions between the two hemispheres

3

What does the left hemisphere control?

Language processing and visual information

4

What does the right hemisphere control?

Recognising emotion, spatial information and visual patterns

5

What does the motor cortex do?

Sends information to the muscles via the brain stem and spinal cord. Important for complex movements and non-basic actions, such as coughing and crying

6

What are the two language areas?

Broca's and Wernicke's

7

What is Broca's area important for and who was the case study for this?

Speech production; Louis Leborgne

8

What is Wernicke's area important for?

Speech comprehension

9

Which disorder used to be treated with a corpus callosotomy and why?

Epilepsy; to prevent a seizure spreading over both hemispheres, which is potentially fatal

10

Where is the visual cortex located?

The occipital lobe

11

Where is the motor cortex located?

The posterior of the frontal lobe

12

Where is the sensory cortex located?

The parietal lobe

13

Where is the auditory cortex located?

The temporal lobe