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Flashcards in Logic, Ethics Deck (17)
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What is Ethics?

The study of moral values

1

Approbative Ethical Theories

The moral rightness of an act is based on some moral authority's attitude of approval toward the acts

2

The Divine Command Theory

An act is morally right because god approves of it.

3

Ethical Relativism

An act is morally right because the majority of one's culture approves of the act

4

Normative Ethical Theories

Ethical theories that agree that moral values exist objectively, independent of people's beliefs or attitudes

5

Consequentialism

The moral rightness of an act is based only on the moral goodness of its consequences.

6

Ethical Egoism

The object of every action ought to be the agent's own good

7

Utilitarianism

The moral right act best promotes the common good.

8

Nonconsequentialism

The moral rightness of an act is not based only on the moral goodnss of its consequences

9

What is Logic?

The study of arguments

10

Argument

A set of statements such that one statement is said to follow from the other statements.

11

Conclusion

The statement that is said to follow from the other statements in an argument

12

Premise

The statements from which the conclusion is set to follow in an argument

13

Induction

An argument in which the truth of the premises make the conclusion more likely to be true

14

Deduction

An argument in which the truth of the premises guarantees the truth of the conclusion

15

Valid

A deductive argument in which the truth of the premises guarantees the truth of the conclusion

16

Invalid

A deductive argument in which the truth of the premises does not guarantee the truth of the conclusion