Logical Fallacies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Logical Fallacies Deck (13):
1

Non Sequitur

(Irrelevant argument) - When a conclusion does not follow from the premise.

2

Slanted Language

Biasing the audience by using words with strong positive or negative connotations.

3

Circular Reasoning

Repeating the same thing twice. (ie: "We should not do x because of x.")

4

Begging the Question

Assuming to be true that which needs to be proven.

5

Red Herring

Sidetracking the discussion by bringing up totally unrelated issues to distract from the truth.

6

False Authority

Citing the opinion of an "expert" who has no claim to expertise about the subject at hand.

7

Ad Hominem

(Personal Attack) - criticizing a person's appearance, personal habits, or character instead of dealing with the merits of the individual's arguments.

8

Ad Populum

(Bandwagon) - Implies something is right because "everyone is doing it."

9

Slippery Slope

Suggests that an event will cause a "domino effect" (series of uncontrollable consequences).

10

False Cause

Asserts that one event leads to another when, in fact, the two events may be only loosely or coincidentally related.

11

False Dilemma

(Either-or Fallacy) - Limits choices to only two alternatives when more exist.

12

False Analogy

Claims two items to be alike when, in actuality, they are more different than similar.

13

Hasty Generalization

Drawing a conclusion based on inadequate evidence.