Flashcards in Logical Fallacies Deck (13):
(Irrelevant argument) - When a conclusion does not follow from the premise.
Biasing the audience by using words with strong positive or negative connotations.
Repeating the same thing twice. (ie: "We should not do x because of x.")
Begging the Question
Assuming to be true that which needs to be proven.
Sidetracking the discussion by bringing up totally unrelated issues to distract from the truth.
Citing the opinion of an "expert" who has no claim to expertise about the subject at hand.
(Personal Attack) - criticizing a person's appearance, personal habits, or character instead of dealing with the merits of the individual's arguments.
(Bandwagon) - Implies something is right because "everyone is doing it."
Suggests that an event will cause a "domino effect" (series of uncontrollable consequences).
Asserts that one event leads to another when, in fact, the two events may be only loosely or coincidentally related.
(Either-or Fallacy) - Limits choices to only two alternatives when more exist.
Claims two items to be alike when, in actuality, they are more different than similar.