Lower Musculoskeletal Exam Flashcards Preview

FDC Physical Exam > Lower Musculoskeletal Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lower Musculoskeletal Exam Deck (12)
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1
Q

Inspection

A
  • Skin color, rashes, masses, swelling
  • Gross deformity, alignment, symmetry
  • Muscle hypertrophy or atrophy, fasciculations, spasms
2
Q

Spine (Inspection/Palpation)

A
- Check alignment and symmetry [forward bending]
Palpate surface features:
- SI joints
- Spinal processes
- Paravertebral muscles
- Sacrum
3
Q

Spine (ROM of spine)

A
  • Forward flexion
  • Extension
  • Lateral bend
  • Rotation
4
Q

Spine (ROM of neck)

A
  • Forward flexion
  • Extension
  • Lateral bend
  • Rotation
5
Q

Spine (Tests)

A
  • Elicit deep tendon reflexes at the knee and ankle

- Perform the straight leg raising test

6
Q

Hip (Palpation)

A

Palpate (patient supine or on side):

  • Pubic tubercle
  • Anterior superior iliac spines
  • Greater trochanters
  • Ischial tuberosity
7
Q

Hip (ROM)

A
(Patient supine)
- Internal/External rotation
- Flexion
- Adduction/Abduction
(Patient standing or lying on opposite side) 
- Extension
8
Q

Knee (Palpation)

A

Palpate:

  • Patella
  • Patella tendon
  • Head of the fibula
  • Medial & lateral joint lines
9
Q

Knee (ROM)

A
  • Flexion/Extension

- Rotation (stabilize ankle and rotate foot medially and laterally)

10
Q

Knee (Tests)

A
  • Drawer test (ACL, PCL)
  • Lachman test (ACL)
  • Valgus/Varus stress test (MCL, LCL)
  • McMurry test (meniscus)
11
Q

Foot (Palpation)

A
Palpate surface features:
- Plantar fascia (dorsiflex toes)
- Medial and lateral malleoli
Palpate surface location of major tendons:
- Achilles
- Posterior and anterior tibial
- Peroneal (dorsiflex toes)
- Toe extensors
12
Q

Foot (ROM)

A

Ankle and Hind Foot ROM:

  • Dorsiflexion/Plantarflexion
  • Inversion/Eversion