Lumps and masses Flashcards Preview

Surgery > Lumps and masses > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lumps and masses Deck (19):
1

Ganglion

Fluid filled synovial cyst, typicaly appears on dorsal aspect of wrist.

2

Hidradenitis suppurativa

Occlusion of ducts in apocrine glands by antigen-antibody complexes. Lead to secondary infection. Most commonly involve axillae, groin, perianal, inframammary folds.

3

Hypertrophic scar

Excessive collagen deposition at a scar site, caused by tension during the healing wound.

4

Keloid scar

Firm smooth hard growths, formed after minor injuries due to abnormal healing. More common in dark skinned people.

5

Lipoma

Benign soft tissue of adipose, slow growing. Soft, smooth, fluctuate, mobile.

6

Onchocryptosis

Ingrowing toenail

7

Onychogryphosis

Thickening and curving of toenail

8

Pyogenic granuloma

Benign vascular lesion, red overgrowth of hemangioma of the skin.

9

Sebaceous cyst

Acne like lesions due to occlusion of the ducts.

10

von Recklinghausen's disease (NF1)

Cafe au lait spots, neurofibromas

11

Incisional hernia

Breakdown of muscle post surgery

12

Richter's hernia

Partial herniation of the bowel wall, lumen not affected

13

Spigelian hernias

Occur at the lateral edge of the rectus sheath, below umbilical level.

14

Direct inguinal hernia

Muscle defect within Hesselbach's triangle.

15

Hesselbach's triangle

Lined by: lateral border of rectus, inferior epigastric artery, inguinal ligament

16

Arterial ulcers

Secondary to peripheral vascular disease. Occurs as deep, punctuated ulcers.

17

Venous ulcers

Secondary to venous incompetence. Occurs over medial or lateral malleolus and usually in the distribution of saphenous veins.

18

Neuropathic ulcers

Secondary to sensory neuropathy and pressure sores.

19

Pyoderma gangrenosum

Inflammatory recurring nodular-pustular ulcers with necrotic edge. Associated with IBD, acute leukaemia, polycythemia rubra vera, autoimmune hepatitis, Wegener's granulomatosis, myeloma.