Flashcards in Lung cancer Deck (20):
How might a patient with lung cancer present?
Chronic chest infection
What is the most common type of lung cancer?
Where might a tumour spread to?
Recurrent laryngeal nerve
Superior vena cava
What might invasion of the recurrent laryngeal nerve cause?
What is a pancoast tumour?
A tumour of the apex
What nerves might a pancoast tumour invade and how might a patient with the resulting pathology present?
What are some common sites for lung tumour metastases?
What biochemical abnormalities may indicate a lung cancer?
What is Lambert-Eaton syndrome?
Muscle weakness in the limbs, most commonly caused by underlying malignancy - in lung cancer this is usually small cell
What changes in the hands could indicate underlying malignancy?
What investigations must be done if a diagnosis of lung cancer is suspected?
Ca, Na, K, Alk phos
CT scan & CT guided biopsy
Lymph node aspirate
Aspiration of pleural effusion
Why is small cell carcinoma rarely suitable for surgery?
Which cancer shows the best initial reaction to chemotherapy?
Small cell lung cancer
Which cancer is the most rapidly progressive?
Which area does small cell lung cancer typically affect?
Hilum, may compress bronchial lumen externally
Which area do squamous cell carcinomas typically affect?
They are central, usually affecting main or segmental bronchi
Which area do adenocarcinomas typically affect?
Where do central adenocarcinomas arise from?
Bronchial mucous glands
Which other anatomical structures might adenocarcinomas rapidly invade?