Lady Macbeth is immediately introduced as a strong, powerful woman.
She can control Macbeth and shows he is easily lead.
“Pour my spirits in thine ear”
The witches have control over the future.
The witches talk of a battle that is then mentions in the next scene (Act 1 scene 2.)
“The battle is lost and won”
“What he hath lost, noble Macbeth hath won”
Act 4 Scene 1 soliloquy (lines 111+).
Full of !’s and ?’s.
Shows Macbeth has no control
Doesn’t want to see any memory of Banquo and how he killed him.
Scared Banquo’s child will take the throne.
Questioning why the witches are showing him his future.
“Why do you show me this? - A fourth? Start, eyes!”
Challenging his destiny.
Shows an element of confusion.
Thinks violence is the only resolution to everything.
“Rather than so, come fate to the list”
Witches have a lack of knowledge of the earth.
A wonder and curiosity in discovery.
“Scale of a dragon”
Witches sometimes speak in troche.
Macbeth repeats making him seam evil.
“Fair is foul, and foul is fair”
Macbeth has feelings, he just chooses to conceal them.
Doesn’t seem to show much devastation towards his family.
“She should have died hereafter”
Porter. Two quotes. Explains how alcohol is a sinful thing. It makes you do bad things. Changes your mindset. Forces three things upon you. It gives to the want and lust but takes away the ability to perform.
“Nose-painting, sleep and urine”
“It provokes and unprovokes”
Links to Macbeth and Duncan’s regicide.
Night and dark links to evil in the play.
“The obscure bird”
Racist term used when casting a spell.
“Liver of blaspheming Jews”
What was the Third Apparition?
Reality is that Macbeth is overthrown and the Birnam Woods do move when he was under attack.
A child wearing a crown, holding a tree
What was the First Apparition?
Reality could link to Macbeth’s death at the end of the play or when Macbeth beheaded MacDonald.
An armed head
Casting their spell.
A baby was killed at birth by a prostitute mother in a ditch.
“Finger of birth-strangled babe, ditch delivered by a drab”
Urge to kill Duncan.
Links the hearing of bells/knocking.
“Hear it not”
Is ashamed of Macbeth for being cowardly.
Shows her weakness by saying she has a pure heart.
The colour white links the purity which is showing she knows she has weakness.
She is ashamed of herself in that sense.
“My hands are of your colour, but I shame to wear a heart so white”
Calls Macbeth weak.
What she says means he is not stable/unsteady.
“Infirm of purpose”
Shows she is weak and not as masculine as she thought.
She would have killed Duncan herself but couldn’t bring herself to it.
“Had he not resembled my father as he slept, I had done’t”
After killing Duncan.
Explains to Macbeth they can’t think about what they have done.
Shows again that she is weak as she is not strong enough to hold herself together when thinking of a sinful deed she helped complete.
“These deeds must not be thought, after these ways, so, it will make us mad”
Macbeth. Interrogative. Act 2 Scene 1 soliloquy. Shows an element of confusion. He is delusional and is seeing things that link to killing Macbeth to persuade himself to go ahead with it.
“Is this a dagger which I see before me?”
Shows she has a strong bond with her son.
Will do anything to protect him.
Links herself to a small bird and her nest of young.
“Will fight against the owl when it threatens her young ones in the nest”