Flashcards in MACHINE GUN EMPLOYMENT Deck (20):
Which FM's cover machine gun employment
FM 3-22.68 AND FM 3-21.8
Describe the Cone of Fire
Each round fired in a burst will have a different trajectory. The pattern created is called the cone of fire.
What is the Beaten Zone
Elliptical pattern formed on the ground on the target by the striking rounds.
What is Danger Space
Space between machine gun and target where trajectory rises less then 1.8 meters above ground.
What are the 3 Classes Of Fire
Respect to Ground, Respect to Gun, Respect to Target.
What are the 2 subcategories of Respect To Ground
Grazing Fire: When center of Cone Of Fire is less then 1 meter above ground.
Plunging Fire: When Danger Space is within the Beaten Zone.
What are the 6 subcategories of Respect To Gun
Fixed, Traversing, Searching, Free Gun, Traversing/Searching, Swinging Traverse.
What are the 4 subcategories of Respect To Target
Frontal Fire, Flanking Fire, Oblique Fire, Enfilade Fire.
What are the appropriate fires for respective targets
Point Targets - Fixed Fire
Area Targets - Traverse and Search fire
Linear Targets - Traversing Fire
Deep Targets - Searching Fire
Linear Targets w/Depth - Traverse and Search Fire
What is Over Head Fire
Only delivered from tripod or VIC using T&E and friendlies between 350m-850m
What is defilade position
When machine gun and crew are completely masked by terrain from enemy
What are 6 methods of Fire Control
Prearranged Signals, Range Cards, Personal Contact, Verbal, Hand/Arm Signals, SOP's
What are 6 Fire Commands
Alert, Direction, Description, Range, Method Of Fire, Command To Open Fire
What are the 7 principles of Machine Gun Support
Mutual Support, Economy of Ammo, Sited in Defilade, Sited to produce Enfilade Fire, Coordination, Cover and Concealment, Interlocking Fires
What is DA form for Range Card
What is (FPF) Final Protective Fire
An immediate prearranged barrier of fire to stop enemy movement across defensive lines or areas
What is (FPL) Final Protective Line
Predetermined line along were Grazing Fire is placed to stop enemy assault. Fixed in direction and elevation.
What is Dead Space
Area where a solider is waist high to line of sight of gunner
Is the highest point above the line of sight the trajectory reaches between the muzzle of the weapon and the base of the target