Mahoney Study Guide Flashcards Preview

Mahoney EBM > Mahoney Study Guide > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mahoney Study Guide Deck (149)
Loading flashcards...
1

Examples of monoarticular joint diseases (6)

-Trauma
-infection
-crystal deposition (gout, CPPD)
-Rheumatoid -monoarthritis
-PVNS

2

Examples of polyarticular inflammatory diseases

-OA
-RA
-Seronegatives
-Charcot
-Chronic gout
-reticular histiocytosis

3

Degenerative joint disease

Osteoarthritis

4

Inflammatory joint disease

-Rheumatoid arthritis
-Seronegative arthritis
-Psoriatic arthritis
-Reiters disease
-Ankylosing spondylitis
-Septic arthritis

5

Metabolic joint diseases

Gouty arthritis

6

Hypertrophic joint diseases

Means more bone growth

-osteoarthritis
-Detritus arthritis (post-traumatic arthritis and Charcot)

7

Atrophic joint diseases

means loss of bone growth... Primarily by erosion

-inflammatory arthritities

-forefoot charcot

8

Osteophyte formation found in:

osteoarthritis

9

Definition of erosion, and different presentations

-bare areas

-pannus, dot-dash and skipping

10

Bone erosion a primary feature in what?

Bone erosion is a primary feature of all joint disorders except OA, Charcot and Septic arthritis

11

Subchondral resorption is a primary finding in what?

Charcot and septic arthritis

12

Arthritis mutilans definition and where is it found

Definition: erosions that involve both margins of any MPJ, or interphalangeal joint

-psoriatic, RA and Charcot

13

Predominant feature of hypertrophic joint disease

bone production

14

Characteristic radiographic findings of OA

-osteophytosis and subchondral sclerosis (eburnation)

15

Periostosis is found in what ?

inflammatory processes

16

What are the characteristic radiographic findings of seronegative arthritis

-periostitis

-whiskering

-cortical and trabecular thickening

17

Type of joint space seen in OA:

assymmetrical joint space narrowing

18

Type of joint space seen in RA

symmetrical narrowing

19

type of joint space seen in psoriatic

widening

20

Type of joint space seen in gout

normal joint space

21

Underlying biochemistry changes seen in Gout

-Calcifications
-Martel's sign
-increased monosodium rate crystals that precipitate and are found periarticular next to erosions
-negatively birefringent crystals

22

Underlying biochemistry changes seen in pseudogout

-calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease
-chondrocalcinosis
-cartilage will calcify
--- joint surfaces will have parallel calcifications
----hyaline cartilage calcifies
-Will see positively birefringent rhomboids

23

Underlying biochemistry changes seen in hydroxyapatite crystal deposition disease

Will find extra-articular calcification that will be within joint capsule or found within a tendon or bursae

24

Osteoarthritis: target joint

First MPJ

25

Rheumatoid arthritis: target joints

-less MPJ's and hallux IPJ

26

Psoriatic arthritis: target joints

Lesser MPJ's and IPJ's (really varies )

27

Gouty arthritis: target joints

first MPJ

28

Neuropathic arthropathy: target joints

Tarsometatarsal joints

29

Osteoarthritis: bone production

Osteophyte and subchondral sclerosis

30

Rheumatoid arthritis: bone production

NONE