Flashcards in Malaria Deck (20):
What are the 5 causes of human plasmodium infection?
Where in the world is falciparum most common?
Sub saharan africa
Where in the world is vivax most common?
IS THE MOST COMMON
But asia lmao
What mosquitos spread malaria?
What are the phases of the plasmodium lifestyle that are considered the pre-patent period?
Sporozoites entering hepatocytes and performing asexual reproduction
How long is the pre patent phase for falciparum?
7 - 30 days
What point in the life cycle does the pre patent phase end?
Merozoites released into blood
What do the merozoites become in erythrocytes?
What do trophozoites cause?
Erythrocyte rupture --> release of more merozoites
What happens when the erythrocyte fragments are detected by the immune system?
What do some trophozoites become?
What can gametozoites do?
Sexual reproduction and be transmitted back to mosquitos
Symptoms of malaria?
Gold standard diagnostic treatment?
What tests can be done in rural areas?
Rapid diagnostic test in 15 minutes but lots of false positives
Treatment of uncomplicated malaria?
What can you add with chloroquine/hydroxychloroquine for ovale and vivax infection in uncomplicated malaria?
What is the treatment for severe P.Falc infection?