Male Genitalia and Hernias Flashcards Preview

Hospital Practicum > Male Genitalia and Hernias > Flashcards

Flashcards in Male Genitalia and Hernias Deck (47)
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1

What forms the shaft of the penis?

corpus spongiosum (containing the urethra)
two corpora cavernosa

2

What forms the bulb of the penis?

corpus spongiosum

3

What is smegma?

cheesy whitish secretions of the glans penis

4

What do the testes contain?

interstitial tissue and seminiferous tubules

5

What triggers pubertal growth in men?

5-alpha dihydrotestosterone

6

What regulates sperm production?

FSH

7

Where do sperm mature? Where are the stored?

epididumus

8

Secretions from which 3 structures make up the seminal fluid?

seminal vessicle
vasa diferentia
prostate

9

Increased levels of what result in vasodilation?

NO and cyclic GMP

10

Where do lymphatics from the penile and scrotal surfaces drain into? testes?

inguinal nodes

LN in abdomen (clinically undetectable)

11

What is an inguinal hernia?

When loops of bowel force their way through weak areas of the inguinal canal

12

What types of hernias are more likely to present as emergencies? Why?

femoral; due to bowel incarceration or strangulation

13

Where do indirect inguinal hernias develop?

at the internal inguinal ring, where the spermatic cord exits the abdomen.

14

Where do Direct inguinal hernias develop?

more medially from weakness in the floor of the inguinal canal

15

What are direct hernias associated with?

heavy straining or lifting

16

What may cause a lack of libido?

psychogenic causes such as depression, endocrine dysfunction or medication side effects

17

What is yellow penile discharge indicative of? white?

gonorrhea

chlamydia

18

What is the client-centered counseling approach?

interactive and informative about general risk reduction

19

What method is highly effective in preventing the trasmission of HIV, HPV and other STIs?

correct use of a male condom

20

At what age should boys be vaccinated for HPV?

9-26

21

What is the most common cancer in men ages 15-34?

testicular cancer

22

How often should males preform testicular examinations?

once a month

23

How should the patient be positioned when checking for hernias or varicoceles? Where should you be?

Patient standing
You sitting

24

How do you inspect for discharge?

lightly squeeze glans with first 2 fingers and thumb to open the urethral meatus

25

When should palpation of the shaft be omitted?

in a young asymptomatic patient

26

what is phimosis?

tight prepuce that cannot be retracted over the glans

27

what is paraphimosis?

tight prepuce that once retracted cannot be returned

28

What is balanitis

inflammation of the glans

29

What is balanoposthitis?

inflammation of the glans and prepuce

30

What is hypospadias?

congenital ventral displacement of the meatus on the top of the penis