Flashcards in Male Genitalia and Hernias Deck (47)
What forms the shaft of the penis?
corpus spongiosum (containing the urethra)
two corpora cavernosa
What forms the bulb of the penis?
What is smegma?
cheesy whitish secretions of the glans penis
What do the testes contain?
interstitial tissue and seminiferous tubules
What triggers pubertal growth in men?
What regulates sperm production?
Where do sperm mature? Where are the stored?
Secretions from which 3 structures make up the seminal fluid?
Increased levels of what result in vasodilation?
NO and cyclic GMP
Where do lymphatics from the penile and scrotal surfaces drain into? testes?
LN in abdomen (clinically undetectable)
What is an inguinal hernia?
When loops of bowel force their way through weak areas of the inguinal canal
What types of hernias are more likely to present as emergencies? Why?
femoral; due to bowel incarceration or strangulation
Where do indirect inguinal hernias develop?
at the internal inguinal ring, where the spermatic cord exits the abdomen.
Where do Direct inguinal hernias develop?
more medially from weakness in the floor of the inguinal canal
What are direct hernias associated with?
heavy straining or lifting
What may cause a lack of libido?
psychogenic causes such as depression, endocrine dysfunction or medication side effects
What is yellow penile discharge indicative of? white?
What is the client-centered counseling approach?
interactive and informative about general risk reduction
What method is highly effective in preventing the trasmission of HIV, HPV and other STIs?
correct use of a male condom
At what age should boys be vaccinated for HPV?
What is the most common cancer in men ages 15-34?
How often should males preform testicular examinations?
once a month
How should the patient be positioned when checking for hernias or varicoceles? Where should you be?
How do you inspect for discharge?
lightly squeeze glans with first 2 fingers and thumb to open the urethral meatus
When should palpation of the shaft be omitted?
in a young asymptomatic patient
what is phimosis?
tight prepuce that cannot be retracted over the glans
what is paraphimosis?
tight prepuce that once retracted cannot be returned
What is balanitis
inflammation of the glans
What is balanoposthitis?
inflammation of the glans and prepuce