Male Reproductive Disorders Flashcards Preview

ZZDecks 2/26 > Male Reproductive Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Male Reproductive Disorders Deck (26):
1

Penile Disorders/ Hypospadias

Opening of urethra is on the underside of the penis intend of the tip, surgery can correct. In adulthood untreated can cause difficulty achieving an erection

2

Testicular Disorders: Infection/Epididymitis

Infection via STI including chlamydia and gonorrhea, or men over 40 bacterial UTI. If left untreated scar tissue leads to block leading to fertility issues

3

Testicular Disorders: Torsion

Testicles rotates, twisting spermatic cord that brings BLOOD to scrotum, painful most often occurs ages 12-16, but can occur at any age and even before birth. Blood flow cut off for too long can lead to death of testicle and inability to father children

4

Testicular Disorders: Hydrocele

Fluid filled sac surrounding testicles that causes swelling in scrotum, common in newborns and can disappear w/out TX, can occur in older boys and adult men (>40) due to scrotum injury. Swelling can be less in the morning and larger later in the day

5

Testicular Disorders: Torsion/Treatment

General anesthesia, short stay, small incision in scrotum, untwist spermatic cord, stitch one or both testicles to inside of scrotum to prevent rotation. Success rate 95% if TX occurs within 6 hours but declines 20% after 24 hrs

6

Testicular Disorder: Hydrocele/Risk factors…things that can occur due to this disorder

Scrotal injury, infection including STIs, usually doesn't affect fertility..but might be associated with underlying testicular conditions such as infect, tumor, inguinal hernia

7

Testicular Disorders: Hydrocele/TX

Newborn usually disappears within 1st year, adult male goes away with 6 months, surgery repair, scrotal support strap, ice packs

8

Testicular Disorders: Cryptochordism/Undescended Testicles
How old when descended?
What often occurs if testicles do not descend?

9 months old testicles descend, undescended testicles often is followed by cancer even if surgery is done for descending

9

Testicular Disorders: Cryptochordism/TX

Surgery called orchiopexy
Hormone injections B-HCG or testosterone

10

Testicular Disorders: Cryptochordism/Undescended Testicles/ RISK FACTORS…what can happen?

Damage to testicles from surgery can lead to infertility
Cancer

11

Prostate Disorders: Bengin Prostatic Hypertrophy
BPH

Enlarged prostate (gland) helps make semen, it surrounds urethra. Symptoms often start after 50. BPH is not cancer.

12

Prostate Disorders: Bengin Prostatic Hypertrophy
BPH/ S&S

Frequent urgent need to urinate especially at night
trouble starting stream, or weak, slow, stops
Urge to go
Small amounts of blood in urine

13

Prostate Disorders: Bengin Prostatic Hypertrophy
BPH/ dx

Digital rectal exam
blood and imaging test
urine flow study
exam with cystoscope
lower back pain
pain with ejaculation

14

Prostate Disorders: Bengin Prostatic Hypertrophy
BPH/ INFERTILITY RISK FACTORS

Chronic UTI
Bladder or kidney damage
leads to scarring and infertility

15

Prostate Disorders: Prostate Cancer/S & S

same as BPH

16

Prostate Disorders: Prostate Cancer/dx/TX

dx digital rectal exam feeling for lumps
blood test PSA prostate specific antigen
Ultrasound, MRI, biopsy

17

PSA

Prostate specific antigen: Screening: blood test

18

Male Sexual Disorders: Erectile dysfunction, ED

Trouble getting or keeping an erection, can a sign of heath problems, e.g. blood vessel clogged or nerve damage due to diabetes

19

Male Sexual Disorders: Erectile dysfunction, ED/TX

Non-Surgical
Surgical
Viagra and other meds
kegel exercises
Penile implants
Penis Pump
Testosterone Therapy

20

Male Sexual Disorders: Hypogonadism

Primary: Ovaries or testes do not fxn properly, produce little or no hormones
Women: Turner syndrome: TX Hormone based meds,
Men: Klinefelter syndrome: Pituitary hormone to produce sperm

21

Male Sexual Disorders: Andropause

Male reproductive changes, testicular tissue mass decreases and level of testosterone stays the same or decreases slightly. ED, HTN, diabetes UTI

22

Epididymitis swelling of tube that connects the testicles with the vas deferens

The tube is called the epididymis

23

Epididymitis drug that can cause it

Amiodarone- prevents abnormal heart rhythms

24

Vas Deferens: Fxn

Tube from epididymis that transfers mature sperm to the urethra

25

Sperm are produced where?
Sperm mature and are stored where?
Travel to urethra via?
Semen is produced where?

Produced in testis
Mature in epididymitis
Travel to urethra via vas deferens
Semen is made in the prostrate gland

26

Varicocele?
What does ti cause?

Widening of veins along cord that holds up men's testicles
Common cause of low sperm count

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