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GEO4B REVISION > Mali > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mali Deck (20):
1

Physical factors that provide the 'push' to leave Mali

Difficult climate (crops)
Poor infrastructure
Landlocked
Desert & drought

2

Pressure on .... ('push' factors to leave Mali)

Pressure on natural resources - agricultural sector for trade

3

Military - 'push' factor for Mali

Armed rebellion and conflict

4

Seasonal labour -'push' factor for Mali

1/3 workforce migrate each season for work

5

Why does human smuggling occur ('push' factor for Mali)

Sexual exploitation and forced labour & illegal items

6

Total amount of remittances home to Mali

$405 million USD

7

Problems with the rural areas of Mali

Poverty, demographic pressures and unemployment

8

Large amount of unemployment is due to ..

Declining tourism industry

9

Number of tourist decline from 2011-2012

200,000 to 10,000

10

How poor

Within the 25 poorest countries in the world

11

Public debt as a % GDP

30.5%

12

Population demographics

Youthful

13

Problems with useful population - Mali

High youth unemployment
Crime
Pressure on services

14

Ebola - Mali

First recorded case

15

Political state - Mali

Lack of political freedom
Military crisis

16

Since how long has Mali been in a political, constitutional and military crisis

2012

17

Internal refugees - Mali

Large amounts from other countries that migrated to Mali before the crisis and conflict that has now arisen

18

GNP per capita

$215

19

Population earnings

91% earn less than $2 a day

20

Problems with labour - Mali

Low productivity and lack of skills / education