Flashcards in Master the Boards: Ophthalmoogy Deck (17):
What presents with itchy eyes, discharge, and normal pupillary size?
Tx often topical antibiotics
What is the most accurate test for diagnosis uveitis?
Slit lamp exam
What presents with painful eye with a fixed, midpoint pupil?
What is the best tool for making diagnosis?
What cause of a red eye presents with the sensation of sand in the eyes?
What is the best tool for making a diagnosis?
Name options for the medical management of chronic glaucoma?
What is done if medical management is inadequate?
Prostaglandin analogues, beta-blockers, alpha2-agonists, pilocarpine, topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
Describe presentation of acute-angle closure glaucoma
Cup to disc ratio is > ?
What are medical management options?
Sudden painful vision loss, hard pupil, red eye, worse when walking into dark room because pupillary dilation worsens
IV acetazolamide, IV mannitol, beta-blockers, pilocarpine, laser iridotomy
Infection of the cornea =
A dendritic pattern seen on fluorescin staining indicates what disease?
What medication should NOT be given or else it may worsen disease?
Is there a medical therapy for cataracts?
No, the lens needs to be surgically removed and replaced
What is the most accurate test to diagnose diabetic retinopathy?
What is the treatment of proliferative retinopathy?
(VEGF can be used to control the neovascularization in some patients)
What two eye disease present similarly with monocular vision loss?
How can they be distinguished on retinal exam?
Central retinal artery occlusion
Central retinal vein occlusion
CRAO: pale retina and dark macula
CRVO: blood extravasation into retina
Ranbizumab is sometimes used for CRVO. How does it work?
Monoclonal antibody similar to bevacizumab
Sudden painless, unilateral vision loss described as a "curtain coming down" = ?
Bilateral visual loss in a 68 yo male which starts with loss of central vision loss = ?
What is the best initial therapy for wet macular degeneration?