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Flashcards in Master Vocab List Deck (168)
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1

Acropolis

Literally, "a high city", a Greek temple complex built on a hill over a city.

2

Adobe

A building material made from earth, straw, or clay dried in the sun.

3

Agora

-A public plaza in a Greek city where commercial, religious, and societal activities are conducted.
-A public square or market place in a Roman city.

4

Amarna style

Art created during the reign of Akhenaton, which features a more relaxed figure style than in Old and Middle Kingdom art.

5

Amphiprostyle

Having four columns in the front and rear of a temple.

6

Amphora

A two-handled Greek storage jar.

7

Ankh

An Egyptian symbol of life.

8

Anthropomorphic

Having characteristics of the human form, although the form itself is not human.

9

Apadana

An audience hall in a Persian palace.

10

Apotropaic

Having the power to ward off evil or bad luck.

11

Arabesque

A flowing, intricate, and symmetrical pattern deriving from floral motifs.

12

Ashlar masonry

Carefully cut and grooved stones that support a building without the use of concrete or other kinds of masonry.

13

Athena

Greek goddess of war and wisdom; patron of Athens.

14

Atmospheric or Aerial Perspective

Landscapes that give the illusion of distance are done in this perspective.

15

Atrium

A courtyard in a Roman house or before a Christian church.

16

Axial plan

A building with an elongated ground plan.

17

Votive

Offered in fulfillment of a vow or pledge.

18

Stylized

A schematic, non-realistic manner of representing the visible world and its contents, abstracted from the way they appear in nature.

19

Hierarchy of scale

A system of representation that expresses a person's importance by the size of his or her representation in a work of art.

20

Isocephalism

The tradition of depicting heads of figures on the same level.

21

In situ

A Latin expression that means that something is in its original location.

22

Spoila

The reuse of architectural or sculptural pieces in a building(s) generally different from their original location.

23

Canon

A body of rules or laws; in Greek art, the ideal mathematical proportion of a figure.

24

Contrapposto

A graceful arrangement of the body based on tilted shoulders and a bent knee.

25

Foreshortening

A visual effect in which an object is shortened and turned deeper into the picture plane to give the effect of receding in space.

26

Perspective

Depth and recession in a painting or a relief sculpture.

27

Linear perspective

Objects in this perspective achieve 3D in the two-dimensional world of the picture plane.

28

Orthogonals

All the lines within a linear perspective; draw the view back in space to the vanishing point.

29

Vanishing point

A common point within perspective (particularly linear perspective) drawings/paintings.

30

Stucco

A fine plaster used for wall decorations or molding.