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Flashcards in Measure Words Deck (47):
1

What are measure words?

Measure words are words used to count or specify nouns. In English, we say things such as "three ears of corn" or "a pair of jeans". The words in bold are measure words. In Chinese, measure words precede every noun. This means, unlike in English, every noun in Chinese must correspond with a measure word.

2


Individual things, people, or general classifier


rén
a person

星期
sān xīng qí
three weeks

3

一 ? 问题
yī __ wèn tí
a problem

问题
 wèn tí
a problem

Remember: is used for things, people, and as a general classifier.

4


zhī

  1. One of a pair

    zhī shǒu
    a hand
     
  2. Animals

    zhī māo
    a cat

5

? 手套
yī __ shǒu tào
a glove

手套
zhī shǒu tào
a glove

Remember: zhī is used for objects that are one of a pair.

6

一 ? 鸡
yī __ jī
a chicken


yī zhī
a chicken

Remember: zhī is used for animals.

7


běn

Bound print matter (books, periodicals, files, etc.)


běn shū
a book

8

一 ? 杂志
yī __ zá zhì
a magazine

杂志
běn zá zhì
a magazine

Remember: běn is used for bound print matter, such as books.

9


zhāng

Flat objects, "sheet"


zhāng zhǐ
a sheet of paper

桌子
zhāng zhuō zi
a table

10

两 ?
liǎng __ zhǐ
two sheets of paper


liǎng zhāng zhǐ
two sheets of paper

Remember: zhāng is used for flat objects.

11


píng

Drinks, "bottle"


píng shuǐ
a bottle of water

12

? 汽水
yī __ qì shuǐ
a bottle of soda

汽水
píng qì shuǐ
a bottle of soda

Remember: píng is used for bottled drinks.

13


zhī

Stick-like objects


zhī
a pen

吸管
zhī xī guǎn
a straw

14

九 ?
jiǔ __ bǐ
nine pens


jiǔ zhī
nine pens

Remember: zhī is used for stick-like objects.

15


bēi

Drinks, "cup"


bēi chá
a cup of tea

16

? 咖啡
yī __ kā fēi
a cup of coffee

咖啡
bēi kā fēi
a cup of coffee

Remember: bēi is used for drinks in cups.

17


kuài

Irregularly shaped ojects: land, stone, tofu, meat, etc.; "piece", "chunk"

豆腐
kuài dòu fu
a chunk of tofu


kuài ròu
a piece of meat

18

? 土地
yī __ tǔ dì
a piece of land

土地
kuài tǔ dì
a piece of land

Remember: kuài is used for irregularly shaped objects.

19


mén

Academic-related objects (courses, majors, subjects, etc.)


mén
a course

20

?
sān __ kè
three classes


sān mén
three classes

Remember: mén is used for academic-related objects, such as classes or majors.

21


piàn

  1. Thin, flat objects or irregularly shaped objects
    信用卡
    piàn xìn yòng kǎ
    a credit card
     
  2. "Slice"
    面包
    piàn miàn bāo
    a slice of bread

22

? 信用卡
yī __ xìn yòng kǎ
a credit card

信用卡
piàn xìn yòng kǎ
a credit card

Remember: piàn is used for thin, flat objects, or irregularly shaped objects.

23

? 奶酪
yī __ nǎi lào
a slice of cheese

奶酪
piàn nǎi lào
a slice of cheese

Remember: piàn is a measure word that can mean "slice".

24


jiàn

  1. Matters (affairs)
    事情
    jiàn shì qíng
    a matter (affair)
     
  2. Clothing
    衬衫
    jiàn chèn shān
    a shirt

25

? 事情
yī __ shì qíng
a matter (affair)

事情
jiàn shì qíng
a matter (affair)

Remember: jiàn is used for matters (affairs).

26

 ? 大衣
yī __ dà yī
a coat

大衣
jiàn dà yī
a coat

Remember: jiàn is used for clothing.

27


tiáo

  1. Long, narrow, flexible objects

    tiáo gǒu
    a dog
     
  2. Roads

    tiáo
    a road

28

?
yī __ gǒu
a dog


tiáo gǒu
a dog

Remember: tiáo is used for long, narrow, flexible objects. In this case, "dog" and "fish" are exceptions to the 只 classifier for animals.

29

?
yī __ lù
a road


tiáo
a road

Remember: tiáo is used for roads.

30


Objects that can be held, usually long and flat objects (e.g. knives, scissors, keys, etc.)

钥匙
yào shi
a key

31

两 ? 刀
liǎng __ dāo
two knives


liǎng  dāo
two knives

Remember: is used for objects that can be held, such as knives.

32


tái

Heavy objects, especially machines

电视
tái diàn shì
a TV

33

 ? 电脑
yī __ diàn nǎo
a computer

电视
tái diàn nǎo
a computer

Remember: tái is used for heavy objects, particularly machines.

34


piān

Written work, such as essays or articles.

文章
piān wén zhāng
an essay, an article

35

? 论文
yī __ lùn wén
a paper, a thesis

论文
piān lùn wén
a paper, a thesis

Remember: piān is used for written work, such as essays or articles.

36


bāo

Items in bags or packages; bundle

香烟
bāo xiāng yān
a packet of cigarettes

饼干
bāo bǐng gān
a packet of cookies

37

? 饼干
yī __ bǐng gān
a packet of cookies

并刚
bāo bǐng gān
a packet of cookies

Remember: bāo means "package" or "bundle".

38


céng

Story, layer


céng lóu
eight stories (of a building)

蛋糕
sān céng dàn gāo
three-layer cake

39

?
wǔ __ lóu
five stories (of a building)


céng lóu
five stories (of a building)

Remember: céng means "story" or "layer".

40


liàng

Wheeled vehicles, such as cars or bicycles

自行车
liàng zì xíng chē
five bicycles

41

?
yī __ chē
a car


liàng chē
a car

Remember: liàng is used with wheeled vehicles.

42


duo

Flowers, clouds


duo huā
a flower


duo yún
a cloud

43

?
sì __ huā
four flowers


duo huā
four flowers

Remember: duo is used for flowers and clouds.

44


gēn

Thin, slender objects; string

线
gēn xiàn
a thread / wire


gēn zhēn
a needle

45

?
yī __ zhēn
a needle


gēn zhēn
a needle

Remember: gēn is used for thin, slender objects, as well as string.

46


qún

Groups of people or animals


qún rén
a crowd / group of people


qún
a school of fish

47

?
yī __ é
a flock of geese


qún é
a flock of geese

Remember: qún is used for groups of people or animals.