Flashcards in Mechanics of the Hand Deck (12):
what two forces are involved when gripping and litfting an object?
the grip and load force
what is the slip ratio referring to?
the inverse of the coefficient of friction between the object and the hand
to maintain grasp stability...
the grip/load ratio must exceed the slip ratio
when gripping an object, the rate of change of the grip and load forces are...
what is the safety margin called when holding an object?
difference between the grip/load force applied by the subject and the corresponding slip ratio
when gripping an object in the hand, what mechanisms occur when the arm is swayed back and forth?
the grip force is modulated in phase with fluctuations in load force that are induced by the arm movement indicating ancipitory control strategy.
what happens to the grip force as a subject moves an object up or down?
this load force can be anticipated and thus the grip force is exactly as high as needed at every point in time and tracks the load force without delay.
what are the two main components of the stereotypically automatic response?
a brisk grip force increase called catch up response, followed by a grip force increase that runs in parallel with increasing load force called the tracking response
whats special about the catch up response?
The catch-up response is scaled by sensory input (rate of the load force increase and friction) at the time of its initiation to compensate for delay due to reaction time
what are the four types of tactile fingertip receptors?
stretch, pressure, pain and temperature
whats practically impossible to measure via a prosthesis?
the force of friction