Med Terms 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Med Terms 5 Deck (40):
1

Cutaneous

Pertaining to the skin

2

Systemic

Relative or pertaining to a system

3

Therapeutic

Pertaining to results obtained from treatment

Having medicinal or healing properties

4

Lesion

A region in an organ or tissue that has suffered damage through injury or disease, such as a wound, ulcer, abscess, tumor

5

Abrasion

The process of scraping or wearing away

6

Abscess

A localized collection of pus in any body part, resulting from invasion of a pyogenic bacterium or other pathogen

7

Furuncle

Boil

8

Carbuncle

A painful, deep abscess of the skin involving multiple hair follicles, formed by the merger of two or more boils

9

Alopecia

Absence or loss of hair especially of the head

10

Acne

An inflammatory disease of the sebaceous follicles of the skin

11

Hirsutism

Excessive growth of hair or the presence of hair in unusual places especially in women

12

Cyst

A closed sac or pouch with a definite wall, containing fluid, semifluid or solid material

13

Eczema

A general term for an itchy red rash that initially weeps or oozes serum and may become crusted, thickened or scaly

14

Gangrene

Necrosis usually resulting from deficient or absent blood supply

15

Contusion

Bruise

16

Ecchymosis

Superficial bleeding under the skin or a mucus membrane

17

Petechiae

Small, purplish, hemorrhagic spots on the skin that appear in patients with platelet deficiencies and in many febrile illnesses

18

Hematoma

A swelling comprising a mass of extravasated blood (usually clotted) confined to an organ, tissue, or space and caused by a break in a blood vessel

19

Melanoma

A malignant tumor of darkly pigmented cells that often arises in a brown or black mole

20

First-degree burn

Result in pain and reddening of the epidermis

21

Second-degree burn

Partial thickness burn

Affect the epidermis and the dermis

22

Third-degree burn

Full thickness burns

Go through dermis and affect deeper tissues; result in white or blackened charred skin

23

Impetigo

A scabby eruption on the skin

A contagious bacterial infection of the epidermis characterized by yellow to red, weeping and crusted or pustular lesions

24

Keloid

An exuberant scar that forms at the site of an injury or incision and spreads beyond the borders of the original lesion

25

Psoriasis

A chronic skin disorder in which red papules and scaly silvery plaques with sharply defined borders appear on the body surface

26

Tinea

Any fungal skin disease occurring on various parts of the body

27

Scabies

A contagious infestation of the skin with the itch mite

28

Ulcer

An open sore that forms on an epithelial surface; skin, mucous membranes or the lining of the gastrointestinal tract, marked by inflammation, necrosis, and slouching of damaged tissues

29

Pressure ulcer

Vulnerable to localized injury to the skin and/or underlying tissue usually over a bony prominence as a result of pressure

30

Urticaria

An allergic reaction marked by multiple discrete swellings on the skin that are intensely itchy and last up to 24 hr

31

Verruca

Wart

32

Vesicle

A membrane bound container made inside a cell and occasionally released from it

A small blister-like elevation on the skin containing serous fluid

33

Vitiligo

A skin disorder characterized by the localized loss of melanocytes with patchy loss of skin pigment

34

Wheal

A more or less round and temporary elevation of the skin, white in the center with a pale-red periphery, and itching

35

Debridement

The removal of foreign material and dead or damaged tissue in a wound

36

Autograft

A graft transferred from one part of a patients body to another

37

Cryosurgery

The use of extremely cold probes to destroy lesions, including cancerous or infected tissues

38

Dermabrasion

A surgical procedure for resurfacing the skin by brushing or grinding off the external layer

39

Biopsy

A tissue sample removed from the body for microscopic examination, usually to establish a diagnosis

40

Skin test

Any test in which a suspected allergen is applied to the skin