Mediation: General Info Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Mediation: General Info Deck (17):
1

Anticholinergics

Used to induce dryness in mucous membranes - decrease in oral secretions

I.e., atropine given before surgery

2

ACE Inhibitors

Use: anti- HTN

-PRIL

3

ACE inhibitor side effects/ nursing considerations

Side effects
-angioedema
-hacking cough
-hypotension

-monitor electrolyte levels, K, creatinine
-monitor v/s and WBC

4

ARBs

Use: HTN for pt who c/o cough linked to ACE inhibitor usage

- SARTAN

5

ARB side effects and nursing considerations

Side effects
- cough
-depression
-diarrhea
-impotence
-insomnia
-neutropenia
-muscle cramps
-dizziness
-n/v

Nursing:
- monitor BUN
-teach pt check daily for lower extremity edema
-creatinine, electrolyte and hydration monitoring

6

Anticoagulants

Action: thin blood

Use: DVT, MI, PE, thrombolytic disease; after coronary artery bypass surgery

-PARIN

7

Anticoagulant side effects and nursing considerations

Side effects:
-alopecia
-bleeding
-dermatitis
-fever
-hematuria
-pruitis
-stomatitis

Nursing:
-blood studies every 3 months - hct and occult blood
-signs of infection or bleeding
-monitor platelet count - low platelets can lead to abnormal bleeding

8

Heparin sodium

PTT check

Therapeutic level are 1.5-2 times the control

Antidote: protamine sulfate

9

Warfarin

Monitor PT

Therapeutic PT 1.5-2.5 times the control; INR 2-3

Antidote: vitamin K - avoid green leafy veggies

10

Anti-infectives (AMINOGLYCOSIDES)

Use: kill infection or stop spread; usually for MRSA

-CIN or -MYCIN

11

Aminoglycoside side effects/ nursing considerations

Side effects
- blood dycrasias
-hypotension
-nephrotoxicity
-ototoxicity
-rash
-seizures

Nursing:
-monitor urinary and hearing function, therapeutic levels
-allergy hx

12

AntiVIRals

Use: AIDs, chickenpox, shingles, cytomegalovirus, RSV


- VIR

13

Antiviral side effects and nursing considerations

Side effects
-diarrhea
-n/v
-OLIGURIA
-proteinuria
-vaginitis
-CNS issues: tremors, confusion, seizures, severe sedation/anemia


Nursing: monitor liver profile, bowel movements, signs of infection, creatinine level; teach pt to report rash

14

Benzodiazepines

Use: anti anxiety or anti convulsants

-PAM
-PATE
-LAM

NOTE: ALL BENZOS contain 'azo' or 'aze' WITHIN THE NAME

15

Benzodiazepine side effects and nursing considerations

Side effects
-ataxia
-bradycardia, depression, constipation, diplopia
-drowsiness, hypotension, incontinence, restlessness, urticaria
-lethargy, nystagmus, rash, urinary retention, slurred speech

Nursing:
-monitor liver function, kidney function, bone marry function
-monitor respirations and signs of abuse

16

Beta adrenergic blockers

Use: lower BP, pulse, and CO

-OLOL

17

Beta blocker side effects and nursing considerations

Side effects:
- MASKS HYPOGLYCEMIA
-BRONCHOSPASM
-bradycardia
-diarrhea
-n/v

Nursing:
- taper off medication, rise slowly
-monitor BP, HR, rhythm
-monitor for rhonchi and rales (bronchospasm)
-monitor for nephrotic syndrome (BUN, creatinine)