Medical Terminology Flashcards Preview

PHAR 303 > Medical Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Medical Terminology Deck (203):
1

Abscess

collection of pus

2

achlorhydria

condition of low stomach acid

3

Adjunct

an additional product added to supplement the esstential part

4

Afebrile

no longer having a fever

5

Agranulocytosis

low white blood cells

6

Alopecia

hairloss

7

Ambulatory

able to walk

8

Amenorrhea

absence of menstration

9

Amnesia

loss of memory

10

Analgesic

pain killer

11

Anaphylaxis

serious allergic reaction

12

Andropause

male menopause (decrease in testoterone)

13

Anemia

low red blood cell count

14

Anhrdonia

loss of capacity to feel pressure

15

Aneurysm

bulge in the blood vessel due to a weakened blood vessel wall

16

Angioedema

hives under the skin

17

Anorexia

condition characterized by lack of eating

18

Antibiotic

substnce that inhibit the growth of or kill bacteria

19

Anti-inflammatory

decreases swelling

20

Antipruritic

relieves itching

21

Antipyretic

decreases fever

22

Antiseptic

substance used to reduce infection

23

Antitussive

cough suppressent

24

Aphagia

loss of the ability to swallow

25

Aphthous

mouth ulcer (kanker sore)

26

Arrhythmia

irregular heart beat

27

Arthritis

painful inflammation of the joint

28

Arthralgia

joint pain

29

Aspiration

breathing material (food or drink) aka going down the wroung pipe

30

Asthenia

weakness

31

Ataxia

loss of muscke coordination

32

Axillary

relating to the armpit

33

Bilateral

relationg to or affecting both sides of the body

34

Benign

harmless

35

Bronchitis

inflammaion of the lungs

36

Bradycardia

abnormally low heart rate

37

Buccal

relating to the cheek

38

Cardidiasis

yeast inflection

39

Cardiovascular

relationg to the heart anf blood vessels

40

Comorbidity

two medical conditions occuring at the same time

41

Comortality

two causes of death

42

Ccompliance

following directions or the course of treatment

43

Conduction

process of heat or electriciy being transmitted through a substnace aka transmission of impulses along nerves

44

Consolidation

putting thingd together -> region of the lung tissue that has filled wil liquid

45

Constriction

naroowing or tightening

46

Contraceptive

birth control

47

Contraindictaion

a reason why you schould NOT use a treatment

48

Contusion

bruise

49

Corticosterioids

steroid hormones produced by the body ot made synthetically

50

crakles

crakling noise made by the lungs during inhalation

51

cranial

relating to the head and brain

52

cyanotic

blue discolouration of the skin

53

cyanosis

blue discolouration of the skin caused by poor circulation

54

diagnosis

identification of illness or problem based on signs and symptoms

55

diaphoretic

something that induces heavy sweating

56

distension

bloating

57

diastolic

peroid of time when the heart refills with blood

58

diplopia

double vision

59

diuretic

substance that increases urine production

60

diuresis

excessive urination

61

doralis

the back side of something

62

dose

amount of a substance taken at a time

63

dyskinesia

abnormal voluntary movement

64

dysphagia

difficulty swallowing

65

dyspnea

shortness of breath

66

edema

swelling caused by fluid

67

egophony

test to checking for fluid in the lungs (patient says "ee" while you listen to their lungs)

68

ejection

action of forcing or throwing something out
for the heart: blood being pumped from the heart

69

electrolye

mineral salts that are essential for body function

70

emesis

vomiting

71

emetic

something that causes vomiting

72

emollient

skin moisturizer

73

endocarditis

inflammation of the (inner layer of the) heart

74

enema

fluid put into the bowel for cleaning or to relieve constipation

75

enteritis

inflammation of the intestines (especially small intestine)

76

epistaxis

nose bleed

77

erythema

redening of the skin

78

etiology

the origin of a disease/condition

79

exfoliate

removal of dead skin

80

expectorant

medication that helps bring up mucus

81

extraocular

outside of the eye

82

extrapyramidal symptoms

various movement disorders

83

exudate

fluid from a wound or pore

84

febrile

having a fever

85

fibrosis

scar tissue (thickening of connective tissue)

86

flaccid

hanging loosely

87

flatulence

gas

88

galactorrhea

excess or inappropriate prodcution of milk

89

gastrointestinal

relating to the stomach and intestines

90

gout

reoccuring attacks of inflammation of the joints usually in rhe feet

91

gynecomastia

enlargement of a man's breasts

92

halitosis

bad breath

93

hematuria

blood in the urine

94

hemiplegia

paralysis on one side of the body

95

hemoptysis

coughing up blood

96

hemorrhage

bursting of a blood vessel

97

hereditary

traits passed from parent to child

98

hernia

organ that pushes through its cavity wall

99

hydrophilic

can be dissolved into water

100

hygroscopic

substances that absorbs water from the air

101

hyperglycemia

high blood sugar

102

hyperkalemia

high potassium levels

103

hypotensive

something that causes hypotension

104

humectant

substance used to absorb moisture in the air (hygroscopic substance)

105

incontinence

involuntary excretion of feces or urine

106

infarction

death of tissue caused by local lack of oxygen

107

insomnia

difficultly falling/staying asleep

108

intraocular

within the eye

109

intravenous

infusion/injection of a substance directly into the vein

110

intramuscular

infusion/injection of a substance directly into the muscle

111

inflammation

swelling

112

ischemia

restriction of blood to tissue

113

jaundice

yellowish pigmentation of the skin

114

keratolytic

shedding of the outer layer of the skin

115

lethargy

extreme fatigue or drowsiness

116

lozenge

hard candy which slowly dissolves in the mouth

117

malaise

feeling general discomfort or uneasy

118

malignant

something that becomes progressively worse

119

menopause

cessation of a woman's reproductive ability

120

menstruation

normal vaginal bleeding

121

metastasis

spreading of something from one organ to another which are not in direct contact

122

micturation

urination

123

miotic

constricting of the pupil

124

mitral

valve between the 2 chambers of the heart that pumps blood to the rest of the body

125

morbidity

diseased

126

mortality

death

127

myalgia

muscle pain

128

mydriatic

something that dilates the pupil

129

narcolepsy

neurological disorder affecting the sleep/wake cycle

130

neuropathy

nerve damage

131

neuralgia

nerve pain - stabbing, burning, stinging

132

nocturia

going to the bathroom at night

133

nonambulatory

unable to walk

134

nonreactive

Does not react
Ex. HIV negative (there are no HIV antibodies in the person)

135

normocephalic

the head and all major organs of the are in normal condition

136

neuromuscular

refers to nerves and muscles

137

nystagmus

involuntary eye movements

138

occlusive

wrapping to prevent contact with air

139

orthostatic hypotension

dizziness/light-headedness upon standing

140

orthostasis

maintaining an upright position

141

otitis media

ear infection (middle ear)

142

palliative

end stage of a life-threatening disease

143

palpitation

pounding or racing heart beat

144

paraplegia

impairment of motor/sensory function in lower extremities

145

parenteral

parenteral administration of a drug by a route other than oral or rectal

146

percussion

tapping one finger against the other while it is press into the space between the ribs
used to measure the amount of air filled space in the lungs

147

paresthesia

sensation of tingling/tickling/prickling of the skin

148

pharmacology

study of the interactions of drugs in living systems

149

phlebitis

inflammation in a vein

150

phonophobia

fear of loud noises

151

photophobia

light sensitivity

152

photosensitivity

increase reactivity to light

153

placebo

simulated and ineffective treatment

154

prodromal

initial symptoms that occur before the full development of the condition

155

prognosis

likely outcome of a condition

156

polydipsia

excessive thirst

157

polymyalgia rheumatica

inflammatory disorder that causes muscle pain and stiffness

158

polyuria

excessive production of urine

159

potency

amount of a drug required to produce a specific response

160

preservative

substance added to prevent the breakdown or contamination of another substance

161

priapism

medical condition where an erect penis does not return to its initial flaccid state

162

prodromal

early symptoms indicating a disease

163

prophylactic

prevention measures

164

pruritis

itch

165

psychosis

"loss of contact with reality" mental state

166

purulent

containing pus

167

rales

crackling noise of the lungs

168

raynaud's syndrome

narrowing of the small arteria causing fingers and toes to feel numb an cold

169

regurgitation

expulsion of material from the pharynx (usually undigested food of blood)

170

relapse

reoccurence of a past condition

171

reye's syndrome

causes swelling in the liver and brain

172

rhinitis

irritation and inflammation of the mucous membrane

173

sedation

drug that reduce irritability or agitation

174

sign

objective, observable "symptom"

175

sinusitis

inflammation of the sinuses

176

somnolence

sleepiness

177

sputum

mucous coughed up from the lower airways

178

stye

lump caused when an oil gland at the edge of an eyelid becomes infected

179

sublingual

drug that diffuses into the blood through the tissue under the tongue

180

subcutaneous

layer below the skin containing arteries, venous and adipose

181

symptoms

subjective, observed/experinced by the patient

182

syncope

fainting/passing out

183

systemic

affects the whole body

184

systolic

when the heart in contracting

185

tachycardia

faster than normal heart rate

186

tachyphylaxis

acute decrease in response to a drug

187

tachypnea

rapid breathing

188

tardive dyskinesia

slow onset of involuntary and repetitive body movement

189

tendonitis

inflammation of a tendon

190

teratogenic

substance which causes malformations of a developing fetus

191

thrombocytopenia

low platelet count

192

thrush

infection of the mouth caused by fungus over growth

193

tinea

ring worm (fungal infection)

194

tinnitus

ringing in the ears

195

transdermal

route of administration through the skin

196

trigeminal neuralgia

chronic pain that affects the trigeminal nerve (face)

197

unilateral

pertaining to one side (of the body/organ/structure

198

uriticaria

hives - swollen, pale red, itchy bumps

199

vertigo

type of dizziness - "the room is spinning"

200

respiratory

system which allows breathing

201

sternal

relating to the sternum - flat bone in the middle of the chest

202

sternocleidomastoid

relating to the sterum, clollar bone, and mastoid bones
muscle that goes from the collar bone to the skull behind the ear

203

tympanic

relating to the eardrum/middle ear